SALC

Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

SALC - Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

future form and future time clauses

When we describe events and actions expected to take place in the future, we use future tenses. Remember we have future simple, future progressive and future perfect tenses.  Don’t forget when we have time clauses, the verb in the time clause is usually in the present tense not in the future tense.

Cuando se escriben oraciones con respecto al futuro esta tiene dos partes:

Main clause: se utiliza “will” o “going to”

Time clause: se utiliza el presente simple.

Ejemplo:

She will look for a job when she graduates.

He is going to get a job when he graduates.

 

El “time clause” puede ir al comienzo o al final de la oración.

Ejemplo:

Before she applies, she´ll visit the school

She´ll visit the school before she applies.

 

Expresiones de tiempo comunes para construir oraciones en futuro.

When, after, not until y as soon as

a) Al dar a conocer eventos que ocurren primero

Ejemplo:

When I graduate, I´ll look for a job.

I´ll look for a job after I graduate.

I won´t look for a job until I graduate.

As soon as I graduate, I´ll look for a job.

 

b) Before, until, by the time, para dar a conocer eventos que ocurren en segundo término.

Ejemplo:

Before I get a job, I´ll finish the school.

I´ll stay in school until I get a job.

By the time I get a job, I´ll be out of school.

 

c) “While” da a conocer un evento que ocurrirá al mismo tiempo que otro evento.

Ejemplo:

While I look for a job, I´ll go on studying.

Aqui te dejamos unos links para que practiques future forms y future time clauses.

https://english.lingolia.com/en/grammar/tenses-comparison/future-tenses/exercises

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/future.htm

http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-13727.php

http://www.english-test.net/esl/learn/english/grammar/ii142/esl-test.php

Participle Clauses

Participle Clauses… (They are not that bad really)

We use participle clauses very often in written English. In this way we can include a lot of information in a sentence without making it too long or complicated.

Participle Clauses are used to shorten sentences. There are three types of participle clauses:

1. Present participle
2. Past participle
3. Perfect participle

A present participle clause can express:

  • an action that happens at the same time as the action in the main clause:

With the present participle (ing-form) we show that both actions are taking place at the same time.

Example:
Holding the hair-dryer in her left hand, Susan cut her hair with the scissors in her right hand.

Long form: Susan was holding the hair-dryer in her left hand and cutting her hair with the scissors in her right hand.

 

With the past participle we can shorten a passive clause.

Example:
Blown to the right by the hair-dryer, her hair could easily be cut.

Long form: Her hair was blown to the right by the hair-dryer and could easily be cut.

We use the perfect participle to indicate that the action in the participle clause took place before the action in the main clause.
In English, the perfect participle can express actions in both the active and the passive voice. For the active voice we use having + full verb as past participle, and for the passive we use having been + full verb as past participle.

Active:
Having washed her hair, Susan reached for the hair-dryer and scissors.

Long form: After Susan had washed her hair, she reached for the hair-dryer and the scissors.

Passive:
Having been cut, her hair looked strange.

Long form: After her hair had been cut, it looked strange.

If you want to practice you can find some exercises in this links

https://english.lingolia.com/en/grammar/sentences/participle-clauses/exercises

http://www.grammarbank.com/participle-clauses-exercise.html

http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/participle-clauses-exercise-1.html

http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-89900.php

English Pronouns

Aprender los pronombres en Inglés es muy importante, porque su estructura se utiliza en todas las conversaciones diarias. La única solución es dominar la gramática y el vocabulario para poder hablar el idioma con fluidez. Pero primero debemos entender el papel que los pronombres en Inglés juegan en la lengua.

Los pronombres son:

 

untitled-1

 

¡En este sitio web podrás encontrar información más detallada de los pronombes en inglés con su pronunciación, significado y ejemplos!

English Pronouns – Los pronombres en Inglés

Practica con estos sencillos ejercicios:

Personal Pronouns (subject form)                        Personal Pronouns (object form)

Possessive Adjective                Possessive Pronoun                     Reflexive Pronoun

u-en-1

Passive Report Structures

In informal language we often use impersonal expressions like:
  • People say that the minister is likely to resign.
  • They expect him to announce his resignation this week.
  • They think that there are two possible candidates for his job.
In newspapers, reports and other more formal writing, this idea is often expressed with a structure based on a passive reporting verb. This has the effect of distancing the information. In this post we look at three such structures:
  • It is said that the minister is likely to resign.
  • He is expected to announce his resignation this week.
  • There are thought to be two possible candidates for his job.

 

Click the link to do some exercises of passive report structures
http://random-idea-english.blogspot.mx/2013/06/passive-reporting-structures.html

 

*To do these exercises you need to know the basics of making passive structures. If you need reminding, you could look at this post – Introduction to the passive

Possessivartikel – Possessive Articles

Possessive articles convey two pieces of information. The first who ‘owns’ the noun being talked about (you, me, him etc.). The second piece of information is the number, gender and case of the noun we are talking about.

 

screen-shot-2012-02-13-at-11-04-51

 

Follow these links bellow for practicing possessive articles in German:

Possessivartikel 1                                                                Possessivartikel 2

 

screen-shot-2012-02-13-at-11-11-33-980x518

Unreal Conditionals

There are two kinds of conditional sentences: real and unreal. Real Conditional describes real-life situations. Unreal Conditional describes unreal, imaginary situations. Although the various conditional forms might seem quite abstract at first, they are actually some of the most useful structures in English and are commonly included in daily conversations.

 

Present Real Conditional Present Unreal Conditional
If I have time, I study English.
Sometimes I have time.
If I had time, I would study English.
I don’t have time.
Past Real Conditional Past Unreal Conditional
If I had time, I studied English.
Sometimes I had time.
If I had had time, I would have studied English.
I didn’t have time.
Future Real Conditional Future Unreal Conditional
If I have time, I will study English.
If I have time, I am going to study English.
I don’t know if I will have time or not.
If I had time, I would study English.
I won’t have time.

 

You can also watch this video for a more detailed explanation about Unreal Conditionals:

 

 

 

Complete the exercises below. After each exercise, we have listed the conditional forms covered. Just click on the name of the conditional form to review its use:

 

Exercise 1                      Present Real Conditional and Present Unreal Conditional

Exercise 2                                  Past Real Conditional and Past Unreal Conditional

Exercise 3                        Present Unreal Conditional and Past Unreal Conditional

Exercise 4                         Future Real Conditional and Future Unreal Conditional

 

 

“If I were a boy” is a song recorded by American singer Beyoncé, an execellent example about Unreal Conditionals.

 

20 Mars: Journée Internationale de la Francophonie

b777fa6eed286433d5605728f3e20e8c

 

Affiche 20 mars 2012 Bis4.cdrLa francophonie désigne l’ensemble des personnes et des institutions qui utilisent le français comme langue maternelle, langue d’usage, langue administrative, langue d’enseignement ou langue choisie. La francophonie peut renvoyer tant à l’ensemble des pays francophones qu’à l’ensemble des pays ou régions membres de l’Organisation internationale de la francophonie (OIF), qui ne sont pas forcément ceux où le français est le plus fréquemment utilisé ou reconnu officiellement.

Selon l’OIF, en 2014, le français est la cinquième langue la plus parlée au monde avec 274 millions de locuteurs représentant 4 % de la population mondiale (une personne sur 26), dont 212 millions en faisant un usage quotidien (+7 % entre 2010 et 2014)  représentant 3 % de la population mondiale (une personne sur 32). Estimé à 180 millions en 2000 et 220 millions en 2010, le nombre de francophones approchera les 700 millions en 2050 soit 8 % de la population mondiale (une personne sur 13), et 85 % de ces francophones seront enAfrique du fait de la croissance démographique.

Les mifrench_eiffel_towerssions de la Francophonie sont:

• Promouvoir la langue française et la diversité culturelle et linguistique
• Promouvoir la paix, la démocratie et les droits de l’Homme
• Appuyer l’éducation, la formation, l’enseignement supérieur et la recherche
• Développer la coopération au service du développement durable

Viens et fais partie de cette grand célébration!

Francophonie 2015 chez ATS

March 20: International Francophonie Day

630-dismoidixmots2014The Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), known informally and more commonly as La Francophonie , is an international organization representing countries and regions where French is the first (“mother”) or customary language; and/or where a significant proportion of the population are francophones (French speakers); and/or where there is a notable affiliation with French culture.

The organization comprises 57 member states and governments, three associate members and twenty observers.  The primary mission of the organization is the promotion of the French language as an international language and the promotion of worldwide cultural and linguistic diversity in the era of economic globalization. The International Organization of the Francophonie leads political actions and multilateral cooperation according to the missions drawn by the Summits of the Francophonie.

The four missions drawn by the Summit of the Francophonie are:

  1. Promoting French language and cultural and linguistic diversity.
  2. Promoting peace, democracy and human rights.
  3. Supporting education, training, higher education and scientific research.
  4. Expand cooperation for sustainable development

 

rvf

Be part of this great celebration!

Francophonie 2015 chez ATS