SALC

Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

SALC - Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

There are millions of reasons to learn German…

canstock26091214German is a West Germanic language related to and classified alongside English and Dutch. With an estimated 90–100 million native speakers, German is one of the world’s major languages and is the most widely-spoken first language in the European Union (an estimated 400 million).

 

Official language in
European Union
(official and working language)

– Germany
– Austria
– Switzerland
– South Tyrol (Italy)
– Liechtenstein
– Luxembourg

– Belgium (German-speaking Community of Belgium)

 

Most German vocabulary is derived from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. A number of words are derived from Latin and Greek, and fewer from French and English.

German is written using the Latin alphabet. In addition to the 26 standard letters, German has three vowels with umlauts (Ä/ä, Ö/ö, and Ü/ü) and the letter ß.

 

Grammar

German is an inflected language with three grammatical genders; as such, there can be a large number of words derived from the same root.

German nouns inflect into:

four cases: nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative.

three genders: masculine, feminine, or neuter.

two numbers: singular and plural

 

German-speaking communities can be found in the former German colony of Namibia, independent from South Africa since 1990, as well as in other stock-photo-ich-spreche-sehr-gut-deutsch-businessman-speak-fluently-german-38617010destinations of German emigration such as the USA, Canada, Mexico, Dominican Republic, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Peru, Venezuela (where the dialect Alemán Coloniero developed), South Africa and Australia. In Namibia, German Namibians retain German educational institutions.

 

According to Global Reach (2004), 6.9% of the Internet population is German. According to Netz-tipp (2002), 7.7% of webpages are written in German, making it second only to English in the European language group. They also report that 12% of Google’s users use its German interface.

German-speaking Europe and German as a minority language

Knowledge of the German language in the European Union and associated countries.

German is primarily spoken in Germany (where it is the first language for more than 95% of the population), Austria (89%), Switzerland (65%), the majority of Luxembourg, and Liechtenstein – the latter being the only state with German as the sole official and spoken language.

German is also one of the three official languages of Belgium, alongside Flemish and French. Speakers are primarily concentrated within the German-speaking Community region in eastern Belgium, and form about 1% of the country’s population.

German-speaking communities can also be found in parts of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Russia and Kazakhstan. Forced expulsions after World War II and massive emigration to Germany in the 1980s and 1990s have depopulated most of these communities.

Talking Business People Silhouettes Isolated On White With Germa

Possessive ‘s / s’

Usamos ‘s con un sustantivo en singular para indicar posesión:

– We are having a party at John’s house.
– Michael drove his friend’s car.

 

Usamos s’ con un sustantivo plural terminado en -s:possess

- This is my parents’ house.
– Those are ladies’ shoes.

 

Pero tambien usamos ‘s con otros sustantivos plurales, mira:

- These are men’s shoes.
- Children’s clothes are very expensive.

 

Podemos usar s’ / ‘s en lugar de una frase para evitar repetición:

Is that John’s car?       No, it’s Mary’s [car].     > No, it’s Mary’s.

Whose coat is this?      It’s my wife’s [coat].     > It’s my wife’s.

 

ThePossessiveS

For more information, click on the following link:

 

Possessive s’ an ‘s

 

 

 

EXERCISES:

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/nouns_articles/apostrophe_s.htm

https://elt.oup.com/student/project3rdedition/level1/unit2/grammar/exercise5?cc=mx&selLanguage=en

http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-1/exercise-english-135.php

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=1821#a

Wishes and Regrets

Have you ever said or done something in the past you wish you hadn’t?
Do you wish you were bigger or thinner? Or learn another language?
Have you ever wish something almost impossible? Or maybe you are worry about something you do last week and you would like to change it…

From Intermediate upwards, learners of English find themselves using wish through a number of different tenses. Sometimes it can be a little confusing about when we are supposed to use this word and with which form of a verb. Let’s take a look at the following sentences:

Facts: I don’t know how to cook,  I never took lessons
Wishes or regrets: I wish I could cook, if only I had taken lessons

Fact: I won’t pass the exam because I didn’t study
Wishes or regrets: I wish I pass the exam, if only I had studied

Fact: I’m late for work
Wishes or regrets: If I only had slept earlier, I would be in time.

Fact: I’m studying for my English exam right now
Wishes or regrets: I wish I pass the exam, because  I won’t like to repeat

Fact: I couldn’t travel when I was a child
Wishes or regrets: I wish I had the opportunity right now to know the Eiffel Tower

We wish you practice!

English in Chester
http://www.esl-lounge.com/student/grammar/4g7-wishes-and-regrets.php
https://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-exercise-if-only-I-wish.php
http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/condition4a.html
http://www.carmenlu.com/fifth/grammar/wishes5.html
https://valenciaenglish.netfirms.com/wishex.htm
http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-7967.php
http://www.englishpedia.net/grammar-exercises/advanced/wish-clauses-grammar-lesson-exercises.html
http://www.agendaweb.org/verbs/wish-exercises-verb.html

Order Of Adjectives

In English, it is common to use more than one adjective before a noun — for example: “She’s a smart energetic woman.” When you use more than one adjective, you have to put them in the right order, according to type. blog-362

 

The basic types of adjectives are:

Opinion An opinion adjective explains what you think about something (other people may not agree with you).
For example: silly, beautiful, horrible, difficult
Size A size adjective, of course, tells you how big or small something is.
For example: large, tiny, enormous, little
Age An age adjective tells you how young or old something or someone is.
For example: ancient, new, young, old
Shape A shape adjective describes the shape of something.
For example: square, round, flat, rectangular
Colour A colour adjective, of course, describes the colour of something.
For example: blue, pink, reddish, grey
Origin An origin adjective describes where something comes from.
For example: French, lunar, American, eastern, Greek
Material A material adjective describes what something is made from.
For example: wooden, metal, cotton, paper
Purpose A purpose adjective describes what something is used for. These adjectives often end with “-ing”.
For example: sleeping (as in “sleeping bag”), roasting (as in “roasting tin”)

 

For example:
  1. I love that really big old green antique car that always parked at the end of the street.
  2. My sister adopted a beautiful big white bulldog.

 

When there are two or more adjectives that are from the same group, the word and is placed between the two adjectives:

  1. The house is green and red.
  2. The library has old and new books.

 

When there are three or more adjectives from the same adjective group, place a comma between each of the coordinate adjectives:

  1. We live in the big green, white and red house at the end of the street.
  2. My friend lost a red, black and white watch.

 

take-a-look

 

A comma is not placed between an adjective and the noun.

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Now you are ready for practicing:

http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/adjord1.htm

http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/adjord2.htm

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=6877

http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/esl_adjectiveorder4.html

 

APRENDER ALEMÁN

sabiasque

Si estás pensando en el Alemán como tu próximo idioma,  estás tomando una de las mejores decisiones de tu vida a nivel académico. Aprender Alemán es sumamente valioso en la actualidad y el futuro próximo. Estas son algunas de las principales razones de por las cuales te conviene aprender Alemán:
1. Tiene una gran demanda de trabajo. Uno de los motivos principales por los que se estudia un idioma (o se descarta) tiene que ver con las opciones profesionales que ofrece. 1079776-Oktoberfest-Woman-Looking-Over-German-Stripes-Poster-Art-PrintActualmente el alemán disfruta de una gran demanda  en el mercado de trabajo, tanto para quienes buscan empleo en el país, como a nivel internacional para mejorar y reforzar las relaciones comerciales en distintos sectores con otros países.
2. Disfruta de las ventajas de ser un tercer idioma. El tercer idioma es aquel que se decide estudiar, tras conocer en profundidad el nativo y haber aprendido uno nuevo. De forma general, el alemán suele ser estudiado por quienes ya dominan el español y tienen nociones bastante altas de inglés. El hecho de compartir un origen idiomático con esta lengua, permite además a los estudiantes avanzar en los niveles de alemán con relativa facilidad.
3. Tiene cada vez mayor importancia en el mundo. Actualmente el alemán es el idioma nativo más hablado de Europa, con más de 100 millones de hablantes (el 13,3% de la Unión Europea). Es también el tercer idioma más enseñado en las escuelas a nivel internacional y se distribuye por  38 países del mundo sin apenas cambios idiomáticos entre los más de 150 millones de personas que lo utilizan.
4. Es la mejor forma de acercarse a la cultura de este país. De forma paralela a los intereses profesionales, el idioma alemán dice mucho de la historia cultural de Alemania, de su influencia en el devenir histórico de todo el planeta y de las costumbres sociales, culturales y económicas actuales.
gifs-animados-alemania-5630011
5. Alemania es uno de los países imprescindibles para visitar. Tanto a nivel europeo como internacional, Alemania es un país que todo amante de los viajes debería visitar en varias ocasiones, pues su vasto territorio impide conocerlo en una sola experiencia. Alemania destaca por sus medidas medioambientales y su protección de la naturaleza, por su tecnología punta combinada con encantadores pueblos y localidades que parecen sacados de la época medieval. Tiene un encanto que pocos países disfrutan en todo su territorio. Recorrerlo sabiendo su idioma es, sin duda, la mejor forma de descubrirlo.

HABLAR CHINO…

sabiasque
El Chino Mandarín es la única lengua oficial de la República Popular China donde se denomina Putonghua ( 普通话 ) , es decir, “idioma común”. El Chino Mandarín es la lengua nativa que tiene más hablantes en el mundo, cute-panda-bear-clipart-giant-panda-clip-art-8aproximadamente 1.500 millones, siendo ampliamente entendida en la mayor parte del territorio chino y el Sudeste Asiático (Tailandia, Vietnam, Malasia, Singapur y Filipinas).
El cantonés, un dialecto del sur de China, se habla en la mayor parte de la provincia de Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao y en las comunidades chinas de los países extranjeros.
La escritura china está compuesta por alrededor de 6.000 caracteres llamados hanzi ( 汉字 ), de los cuales sólo unos 3.500 son de uso corriente. Cada uno tiene por lectura una sílaba .
En 1949 el gobierno de la República Popular de China adoptó los caracteres chinos simplificados ( 简体 ) como sistema de escritura oficial. Este sistema reemplaza caracteres complejos por unos más simples. Así, a la escritura con caracteres no simplificados se le llama chino tradicional ( 繁体 ), y es la utilizada en Taiwán, Hong Kong, Macao y Malasia, así como en comunidades chinas repartidas por el mundo.
2208f13b57b3043808d95a6363203283La gramática del Chino es mucho más fácil que la del Inglés o la del Español. El Chino no tiene cambios ni de género ni de número. Sus verbos se mantienen inmutables en todos los casos y en todos los tiempos gramaticales. Por ejemplo ¨shi¨ (el verbo copulativo ¨ser¨). Este verbo no tiene ningún cambio, sea quien sea el sujeto, sea pasado o sea presente.
Esto constituye una importante ventaja que ofrece el Chino frente a otras lenguas en su aprendizaje ya que uno puede construir muchas expresiones siempre que conozca cierto número de palabras y maneje algunas reglas gramaticales que son realmente muy simples.