SALC

Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

SALC - Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

Connected Speech

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In English, it is common to join the sounds at the end of a word with the sounds at the beginning of the next word. It is commonly referred to as linking sounds, joining sounds or connected speech. This can be confusing, especially since the words sound different than when they are pronounced on their own, compared to when they are used in a sentence.

When words are pronounced in a sentence together it would not be natural to make the same pause between each word, therefore some words link together and form new sounds. This gives the sentences a rhythm, or what some refer to as a beat. Let’s start with this video:

 

 

 

 

From the BBC Learning English a writing explanation, take a look:

Connected Speech Rules

 

As you can see, there are different types of linking, so this could be a difficult subject to learn but be patient with yourself and remember with practice all is possible.

 

 

Gradable and Non-gradable Adjectives

Adjective Gradability

Adjectives describe qualities (characteristics) of nouns. Some qualities can vary in intensity or “grade”, for example:

  • rather hot, hot, very hot; hot, hotter, the hottest

The adjective hot is gradable.

Other qualities cannot vary in intensity or grade because they are:

  • extremes (for example: freezing)
  • absolutes (for example: dead)
  • classifying (for example: nuclear)

The adjectives freezing, dead and nuclear are non-gradable.

 

non-gradable-adjectives

 

Gradable Adjectives

A gradable adjective can be used with “grading adverbs” that vary the adjective’s grade or intensity. Look at these examples:

 

grading adverbs
a little, dreadfully, extremely, fairly, hugely, immensely, intensely, rather, reasonably, slightly, unusually, very
+ gradable adjectives
angry, big, busy, clever, cold, deep, fast, friendly, good, happy, high, hot, important, long, popular, rich, strong, tall, warm, weak, young

 

A gradable adjective can also have comparative and superlative forms:

  • big, bigger, the biggest
  • hot, hotter, the hottest
  • important, more important, the most important

Look at these example sentences:

  • My teacher was very happy with my homework.
  • That website is reasonably popular. But this one is more popular.
  • He said that France was a little cold and Denmark was rather cold. But Sweden was the coldest.
 

Non-gradable Adjectives

A non-gradable adjective cannot be used with grading adverbs:

  • It was rather freezing outside.
  • The dog was very dead.
  • He is investing in slightly nuclear energy.

Non-gradable adjectives do not normally have comparative and superlative forms:

  • freezing, more freezing, the most freezing
  • dead, deader, the deadest
  • nuclear, more nuclear, the most nuclear

 

Often, non-gradable adjectives are used alone:

  • It was freezing outside.
  • The dog was dead.
  • He is investing in nuclear energy.

 

However, a non-gradable adjective can be used with “non-grading adverbs” (which usually just give the adjective extra impact), for example:

 

non-grading adverbs non-gradable adjectives  
absolutely awful extreme
utterly excellent
completely terrified
totally dead absolute
nearly impossible
virtually unique
essentially chemical classifying
mainly digital
almost domestic

 

Here are some example sentences containing non-grading adverbs with non-gradable adjectives:

  • Her exam results were absolutely awful. She will have to take the exam again.
  • Is there anything like it in the world? It must be virtually unique.
  • It starts an essentially chemical reaction.

 

Tip: Don’t try to learn lists of gradable and non-gradable adjectives! It’s better to understand what makes an adjective gradable or non-gradable. This is a matter of logic and common sense. Most native-speakers have never heard of gradable and non-gradable adjectives. They just “feel” that it doesn’t make sense to say “fairly excellent” or “very unique“. You probably have the same idea in your language.

 

Source: englishclub.com

 

 

Try these exercises:

http://www.tinyteflteacher.co.uk/learning-english/grammar/exercises/strong-weak-adjectives.html

https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/adjectives-gradability-quiz.htm

http://www.ecenglish.com/learnenglish/lessons/gradable-and-ungradable-adjectives

http://random-idea-english.blogspot.mx/2012/02/gradable-and-ungradable-adjectives.html

http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/quick-grammar/adjectives-gradable-non-gradable

“All I Have to Give” by Backstreet Boys

All I Have to Give” is a song by American pop group the Backstreet Boys, The single debuted at number 2 on theUK Singles Chart and peaked at number 5 on the US Billboard Hot 100. At the 1999 Teen Choice Awards, the song won Choice Music: Video of the Year. Practice your listening comprehesion completing the lyrics and enjoy this good song.

 


"All I Have to Give"

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Work vs. Job

“Work” and “Job” are two words that have similar yet different meanings. Although they are used interchangeably, their meanings may differ according to how they are used. Let’s see the difference:

 

 

If you prefer a written explanation check out this page, it includes exercises:

Confusing words: Job and Work

 

 

Exercise 1                                                                      Exercise 2

Look vs. Look like

When we describe people (or things), we can use the phrases “look” and “look like”.

 

Look

Follow the verb “look” with an adjective to describe someone’s emotion or state:

He looks happy.
She looks excited.
You look tired.

Remember to use do / does; don’t and doesn’t for negatives and questions.

You don’t look very happy.
Does he look sad, in your opinion?

You can also use “look” in the present continuous tense to talk about someone’s health:

“You’re looking good!” (= You’re in good shape!)
“He’s looking ill.” (= He appears ill.)

 

Look like

Use “look like” to talk about a person’s physical similarity with another person.

I look like my mother.
You look like your sister.
He looks like his grandfather.

(Remember, with the verb “look” in the present simple tense, you need do / does; don’t / doesn’t to make questions and negatives.)

Do you look like your sister or your brother?
Does he look like his mother?
They don’t look like their parents.

 

Asking questions

Be careful with these questions

What is he like? = asks about personality

– What is he like?
– He’s nice. He’s friendly and chatty.

Who is he like? = asks about physical similarity or similar character to another person

– Who is he like?
– He’s quite like his mother. They both have brown eyes.
– He’s like his father. They’re both quite ambitious.

What does he look like? = asks for a physical description

– What does he look like?
– He’s tall and slim.

Who does he look like? = asks about physical similarity with another person

– Who does he look like?
– I think he looks like his mother.

Source: englishathome.com

 

 

Exercise 1                            21350        Exercise 2

 

Years

How to say the year…

 

stock-photo-white-background-110999435How to Say Years in English

 

Remember:

You normally split up the year in tens.

1985 is split up in 19 and 85. (You say: nineteen eighty-five).

From 2000 until 2009 the year is normally not split up.

  • 2000 = two thousand
  • 2001 = two thousand (and) one

The word and is often left out. From 2010 on the year is split up again.

2010 is split up in 20 and 10. (You say: twenty ten).

Sportarten

Español

Alemán

aerobic das Aerobic
ajedrez das Schach
alpinismo das Bergsteigen
artes marciales die Kampfsportarten
atletismo die Leichtathletik
automovilismo der Rennsport
badminton das Badminton
baloncesto der Basketball
balonmano der Handball
béisbol der Baseball
billar das Billard(spiel)
billar americano das Pool(billard)
bolos das Kegeln
boxeo der Boxkampf
carreras de caballos der Pferderennsport
ciclismo der Radsport
dardos der (Wurf)pfeil
esgrima das Fechten
esquí der Skisport
esquí náutico/acuático das Wasserskifahren
equitación der Reitsport
footing (anglicismo) das Jogging
fórmula 1 Formel 1
fútbol der Fussball
fútbol americano der Football, amerikanischer Fussball
fútbol sala der Hallenfussball
gimnasia (deporte) das Turnen
gimnasia (disciplina) die Gymnastik
gimnasia rítmica rhythmische Sportgymnastik
golf das Golf
halterofilia das Gewichtheben
karate das Karate
judo das Judo
motociclismo der Motorradsport
natación das Schwimmen
hípica die Reitkunst
hockey hielo das Eishockey
hockey hierba das Feldhockey
lucha libre der Ringkampf
patinaje der Schlittschuhlauf
patinaje sobre hielo der Eislauf
patinaje artístico (sobre hielo) der Eiskunstlauf
patinaje sobre ruedas das Rollschuhlaufen
patinaje de velocidad (sobre hielo) der Eisschnelllauf
pesas (hacer levantamiento) Krafttraining machen
pesas (levantamiento) das Gewichtheben
ping-pong (tenis de mesa) das Tischtennis
piragüismo der Kanusport
remo das Rudern
rugby das Rugby
buceo der Tauchsport
tenis das Tennis
tiro con arco das Bogenschiessen
vela das Segeln
voleibol der Volleyball
waterpolo der Wasserball
   
deporte der Sport
competición der Wettkampf, der Wettbewerb
competidor der/die Konkurrent, -in,
der/die Wettbewerber, -in
eliminatorias der Ausscheidungskampf
final das Finale
Juegos Olímpicos (Olimpiada) die Olympischen Spiele,
die Olympiade
medallas die Medaille
partido das Spiel
participantes der/die Teilnehmer, -in
semi-finales das Halbfinale
trofeo der Pokal

 

También te recomendamos este sitio web:

Deportes en Alemán

 

 

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Prepositions of Place

A preposition of place is a preposition which is used to refer to a place where something or someone is located.animbird

 

In general, we use:

  • at for a POINT
  • in for an ENCLOSED SPACE
  • on for a SURFACE

 

 

*at
POINT
*in
ENCLOSED SPACE
*on
SURFACE
at the corner in the garden on the wall
at the bus stop in London on the ceiling
at the door in France on the door
at the top of the page in a box on the cover
at the end of the road in my pocket on the floor
at the entrance in my wallet on the carpet
at the crossroads in a building on the menu
at the front desk in a car on a page
 

 

Look at these examples:

  • Jane is waiting for you at the bus stop.
  • The shop is at the end of the street.
  • My plane stopped at Dubai and Hanoi and arrived in Bangkok two hours late.
  • When will you arrive at the office?
  • Do you work in an office?
  • I have a meeting in New York.
  • Do you live in Japan?
  • Jupiter is in the Solar System.
  • The author’s name is on the cover of the book.
  • There are no prices on this menu.
  • You are standing on my foot.
  • There was a “no smoking” sign on the wall.
  • I live on the 7th floor at 21 Oxford Street in London.

 

Notice the use of the prepositions of place at, in and on in these standard expressions:

 

at in on
at home in a car on a bus
at work in a taxi on a train
at school in a helicopter on a plane
at university in a boat on a ship
at college in a lift (elevator) on a bicycle, on a motorbike
at the top in the newspaper on a horse, on an elephant
at the bottom in the sky on the radio, on television
at the side in a row on the left, on the right
at reception in Oxford Street on the way

 


For a full list of prepositions plus examples and quizzes, you may want to visit these pages:

Espressoenglish.net
Myenglishpages.com

 

 

Exercises on Prepositions

http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/prepositions-of-place-exercise-1.html

http://www.really-learn-english.com/at-in-on-prepositions-of-place-exercise-03.html

https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/prepositions/exercises?07

https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/prepositions/exercises

https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/prepositions/exercises?09

 

prepositions-of-place

 

Source: englishclub.com