SALC

Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

SALC - Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

Winter Term 2016 Conversation Corner schedules

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Animated-Pointing-DownHere the schedules and counselors available: 

 

Mr. Edgar – Monday & Wednesday 7:15 – 8:00 am / Saturday 12:45 – 1:30 pm

Ms. Paty – Monday 8:45 – 9:45 am

Mr. Marcos – Tuesday 8:30 – 9:30 am & Friday 7:15 – 8:00 am

Ms. Irene – Tuesday & Thursday 7:15 – 8:00 am & 7:15 – 8:00 pm

Mr. Stuart – Monday, Tuesday & Wednesday 4:15 – 5:00 pm / Tuesday & Thursday 5:45 – 6:30 pm  

Mr. Alexander – Monday & Wednesday 5:45 – 6:30 pm

Mr. Ayob – Friday 5:45 – 6:30 pm / Monday, Wednesday and Friday 7:15 – 8:00 pm

Mr. Victor – Thursday & Friday 4:15 to 5:00 pm

Mr. Eli – Saturday 12:45 – 1:30 pm

 

 

Chinese:

Mr. Eli – Saturday 12:45 – 1:30 pm

 

French:

Agree an appointment with Ms. Maru in the SALC

 

Spanish:

Agree an appointment with the SALC Staff

 

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Substitution and Ellipsis

In both speaking and writing there is a tendency to either leave out words we think are unnecessary (ellipsis) or to use another single word in place of a longer phrase (substitution). This can cause considerable confusion for learners, especially when listening, as there is no chance to go back and try and work out the meaning. But don’t worry, practice makes the master! Review the slides to learn how to use substitution and ellipsis To aid in your understanding exercises with solutions are included below.

 

 

 

 

Excersises:

https://www.llas.ac.uk/materialsbank/mb061/8.11/19a.htm

https://www.llas.ac.uk/materialsbank/mb061/8.11/19b.htm

https://elt.oup.com/student/englishfile/advanced/a_grammar/file06/nef_int_grammar_6_02?cc=us&selLanguage=en

http://www.englishw.com/Cohesion1.php

http://space4english.com/quiz/5000_06.htm

 

También o tampoco

A veces es difícil o confuso saber cuando usar también o tampoco. A continuación te explicaremos su uso.

 

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También es un adverbio que se usa para expresar igualdad, coincidencia, semenjanza o acuerdo con una fraseAFIRMATIVA que dijo otra persona.

  • Andrés: Estoy orgulloso de mis hijos.
    Rubén: Yo también.
  • Andrés: Tengo hambre.
    Rubén: Yo también.
  • Andrés: Estoy contento con este plan de trabajo.
    Rubén: Yo también.

 

 

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Tampoco es un adverbio que se usa para expresar igualdad, coincidencia, semenjanza o acuerdo con una fraseNEGATIVA que dijo otra persona.

  • Andrés: No vivo con mis padres.
    Rubén: Yo tampoco (vivo con mis padres).
  • Andrés: No fumo.
    Rubén: Yo tampoco (fumo).
  • Andrés: No tengo frío.
    Rubén: Yo tampoco.

 

Observaciones:

1) Cuando tampoco va antes del verbo, es INCORRECTO usar NO antes del verbo en la misma frase.

  • Tampoco no tengo hambre. – INCORRECTO
    Tampoco tengo hambre. – CORRECTO

2) Tampoco es un adverbio que se usa para negar algo después de haber negado algo más.

  • No juegan fútbol pero tampoco juegan tenis.
    = No juegan fútbol.
    = No juegan tenis (tampoco).

3) Recuerda que puedes usar NO antes del verbo y tampoco después del verbo, de esta forma se expresa algo negativo después de otro negativo.

  • No canto tampoco.
  • No bailo tampoco.

 

 

Ejercicios:

http://spanish.tolearnfree.com/free-spanish-lessons/free-spanish-exercise-8593.php

http://spanish.tolearnfree.com/free-spanish-lessons/free-spanish-exercise-30110.php

http://www.spanish.cl/Grammar/Games/Tambien_Tampoco.htm

 

 

Source: Woodward Spanish

Los saludos y despedidas en Español

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In Spanish there are different ways of greeting and saying hello depending on the context of the situation, the time of day and who you are talking to. Some of the most common expressions are:

  • Hola (informal)
    – Hi. – For any time of day. This is the most common greeting in Spanish.
  • Buenos días
    – Good morning
  • Buenas tardes
    – Good afternoon
  • Buenas noches
    – Good evening / Good night
  • Que tengas buenos días … (informal)
    – Have a good day
  • Que tenga (ud.) buenos días … (formal)
    – Have a good day
  • Que gusto de verte (informal)
    – It’s nice to see you
  • Que gusto de verlo (formal)
    – I’m glad to see you
  • Tanto tiempo sin verte
    – Long time no see

grafico-saludos-espanol-segun-las-horas

 

 

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Farewells also depend on the context and the person you are speaking to.

  • Adiós
    – Goodbye / Bye
  • Nos vemos
    – See you
  • Saludos a … tu mamá, papá, etc.
    – Say hi to … your mum, dad etc
  • Hasta pronto
    – See you soon
  • Hasta luego
    – See you later / soon
  • Hasta siempre
    – A final goodbye, you will most likely not see each other again
  • Hasta nunca
    – Until never (as in, we’ll never see each other again, sometimes said when angry)
  • Hasta mañana
    – Until tomorrow
  • Hasta la otra semana
    – Until next week
  • Hasta el próximo fin de semana
    – Until next weekend
  • Te veo luego
    – See you soon
  • Chao
    – Bye
  • ¡Cuídate! (very common en Chile)
    – Take care
  • Nos estamos viendo…
    – We’ll see you around

 

buenos-dias-buenas-tardes-buenas-noches

 

 

Tú o Usted

Spanish speakers use  and usted, which both mean “you,” to convey the formality of a relationship. is less formal than usted.

You use when you’re talking to someone of the same age, the same rank, or the same educational level. When you’re talking to a close friend or a family member. You can also use it when you want to express a certain level of intimacy with someone. Most adults address children using .

Usted signifies a more respectful way of talking to someone, such as a new acquaintance, an older person, or someone you consider to be of higher rank.

At some point in a relationship between people who speak Spanish, a shift occurs from the formal usted to the more informal and intimate . At this point, they use the word when addressing each other. In Spanish, we call this tutearse, that is, “to talk .” On the other hand, if you don’t want to have a closer, more intimate relationship with someone, or if you want to keep the relationship more professional and less chummy, you should stick to calling that person usted.

 

 

 

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¡Practica!

Ejercicio 1

Ejercicio 2

Ejercicio 3

 

See, Look, Watch, Hear and Listen

Hi there! Think some verbs are very similar and so confusing? Stop suffering! Here the difference between See, Look and Watch and between Hear and Listen. When you finish reviewing try the quizzes below to check your understanding.

Lets’s start! :)

 

See vs. Look vs. Watch

See is a verb of perception, it is a sense. It is automatic and doesn’t require a decision to use this sense. It is associated with things that we can’t avoid.

Look and Watch are action verbs that require a decision for you to use them. They never happen automatically.


Look
is used to suggest a direction for your eyes. Usually we use this verb when the things we look at doesn’t move. b-olho

Look – camera, prices, mirror, sky.

  • Look at this picture.
  • I like to look at the stars at night.

Watch is when we talk about concentrating on something, like a movie or sports. Using watch suggests there is a movement involved, so you can use that for TV or movies.

Watch – a movie, a TV program, a football match.

  • I like to sit on the verandah and watch people walk by.
  • I watch Friends everyday on TV.

 

Hear vs. Listen

Hear is another of our senses and so accordingly it is automatic. It does not require a conscious decision.

Hear – a noise, a voice, an explosion.

  • You could hear the explosion from the next suburb.
  • Do you hear voices in the night?

Listen is an action verb and you need to make a decision to do it. You can choose if you listen to something or not. For example you can hear somebody talking but you need to listen to them to understand what they are saying.

Listen – music, a speech.

  • I can’t listen to anything else you want to say. I’m so tired.
  • I didn’t want to listen to the President’s speech but I didn’t have a choice.

 

Examples of each verb

  • I can see the mountains in the distance.dog-listening-gif
  • Can you see the whiteboard from your seat?
  • Look at the map to find where we are.
  • Don’t look at him for the answer – I asked you!
  • I love to watch Grey’s Anatomy on Monday night.
  • My husband watches the replays of the football on the weekend.
  • I can’t hear you. Could you speak louder please?
  • Did you hear the thunder last night?
  • You should always listen to your mother’s advice.
  • Can we listen to some different music? I’m sick of Luis Miguel!

It is also important to remember that the verb LISTEN is always followed by TO. Review the examples above and you will see this principle.

 

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Exercises


look, see or watch?

to look, to see, to watch

Look, See & Watch

hear or listen?

Hear & Listen

See Look Watch Hear Listen

 

 

Source: Woodward English

Los adjetivos – die Adjektive

Los adjetivos en alemán, a diferencia de los sustantivos a los que acompañan, se escriben siempre con minúscula (salvo al inicio de una oración) y se declinan según el caso y el género del sustantivo al que acompañan en posición atributiva. Por ejemplo:

una casa azul – ein blaues Haus
una caja azul – eine blaue Kiste

Por otro lado, cuando su función es predicativa, no se declina. Por ejemplo:

una casa es azul – ein Haus ist blau
una caja es azul – eine Kiste ist blau

Los adjetivos en alemán se declinan según el caso del sustantivo al que acompañan. La declinación se forma añadiendo diferentes terminaciones al adjetivo. La declinación varía dependiendo de si va acompañado de un artículo determinado, de un artículo indeterminado o por la ausencia de cualquier artículo, siempre que funcione como atributo. Para más información visita el siguiente sitio: La Declinación del Adjetivo en Alemán

 

 

Colores – Farben

Español Deutsch
amarillo gelb
azul blau
azul celeste himmelblau
blanco weiß
rojo rot
verde grün
negro schwarz
marrón braun
gris grau
naranja orange
lila lila
violeta violett
rosa rosa
plateado silbern
dorado golden
claro hell
oscuro dunkel

 

Atributos físicos

Español Deutsch
grande (para objetos y personas) groß
chiquito (para objetos y personas) klein
alto (para edificaciones) hoch
bajo (para edificaciones) niedrig
delgado dünn
gordo dick

 

Personalidad – Persönlichkeit

Español Deutschl
simpático sympathisch
antipático unsympathisch
amable nett, freundlich
serio ernst
sincero aufrichtig
valiente mutig
cobarde feige
vago faul
trabajador fleißig
extrovertido extrovertiert
romántico romantisch
sensible sensibel
honesto ehrlich
dinámico tatkräftig
nervioso nervös
tranquilo ruhig
tolerante tolerant
optimista optimistisch
pesimista pessimistisch
seguro de sí mismo selbstbewusst
vivo, vivaracho lebenslustig
envidioso neidisch
aburrido langweilig
triste traurig

 

Formas y tamaños – Formen und Größen

Español Deutsch
alto hoch
bajo niedrig
ancho breit
estrecho eng, schmal
grande groß
pequeño klein
corto kurz
largo lang
recto gerade
arqueado gebogen

 

Sabores – Geschmäcke

Español Deutsch
dulce süß
salado salzig
amargo bitter
ácido sauer
picante scharf
delicioso köstlich
condimentado würzig
insípido fade

 

Otros – Andere

Español Deutsch
bello schön
bonito hübsch
feo hässlich
libre frei
limpio sauber
sucio schmutzig

 

     Animated-Pointing-Down

Übungen!

Ejercicio 1                          Ejercicio 2                                Ejercicio 3

 

 

Fuente: wikibooks.org

Free Time Activities

Free time = The time when you are not working, when you can choose what you do.

 

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Go to the cinema – to see Hollywood blockbuster movies, Bollywood movies (from India), art films, animated films. You can also say go to the movies.

Some film categories are: Comedy, Drama, Horror, Thriller, Action, Science Fiction (Sci-Fi), Fantasy, Documentary, Musical.

 

tumblr_nv2kw8bvQx1tq4of6o1_500Watch TV – Different types of television programs are: The News, Soap Operas, Criminal Investigation Dramas, Medical Dramas, Reality TV, Situation Comedies (Sit-Coms), Talk Shows, Documentaries, Cartoons, Game Shows, Sports programs, Movies, Political programs, Religious programs.

 

Spend time with family – You can do many things with your family. Usually, the fact that you are together is more important than the activity.

 

Go out with friends – You can also do many things with your friends, like go out to a bar, go dancing at a club, have dinner at a restaurant, play a sport, sit down and talk, go out for a coffee, have a barbecue, or any other activity that you all enjoy. Or sometimes when you don’t do anything specific, you can say hang out with friends.

 

Surf the internet – On the internet, you can research a topic you are interested in using a search engine, visit your favourite websites, watch music videos, create your own video and upload it for other people to see, maintain contact with your friends using a social networking site, write your thoughts in a blog, learn what is happening in the world by reading news websites, etc.

 

Play video games – You can play games on your computer or on a game consoles, like PlayStation, X-Box, Wii, PSP, Gameboy, etc. You can play on your own or with your friends or family.

 

Play a musical instrument – Learn to play the piano, guitar, violin, cello, flute, piano accordion, mouth organ, panpipes, clarinet, saxophone, trumpet, etc. You can play on your own or with a group, such as a band or an orchestra.

 

k5Listen to music Turn up the volume and listen to your favourite type of music, such as pop, rock, hip hop, rhythm & blues, blues, jazz, classical, soul, heavy metal.

 

Read – Many people love to read both fiction and non-fiction books and magazines. If you like fiction, you can read novels, short stories, crime fiction, romance, etc. If you like non-fiction, you can read biographies, autobiographies, or books on history, science, philosophy, religion, or any other topic you are interested in.

 

Write – Many people like to write in their diary. Another name for a diary is a journal. You can also write many other things, such as poetry, novels, letters, short stories, etc. (See under Read for more options).

 

Go to the park – You can go to the park alone, with family or with friends. You can take a picnic rug and a picnic basket and have a picnic. You can read, sleep, kick a football around, climb trees or play on the children’s playground.

 

Go to cultural locations and events – There are many types of cultural locations and events. You can go to the museum, to an art gallery or to the zoo to see animals from around the world. You can go to concerts, plays, musicals, dance recitals and opera performances.

 

Go shopping – Many people like to go to shopping malls and areas of the city that are known for shopping to buy clothes or items for their houses and gardens.

 

tumblr_ndv94nXEwT1tm0eroo2_r1_500Cook – Many people like to cook different types of food. You can make meals for breakfast, lunch and dinner. You can bake cakes, cookies, slices and pastries in the oven. Some people boast that they have a special recipe – ask them to cook it for you!

 

Study something – There are many things that you can study just because you find it interesting! You can study a language; you can learn a skill, such as cooking or making furniture; or you can even study the hieroglyphs of the ancient Egyptians, if you want to!

 

Art and crafts – There are many, many arts and crafts that you can learn and practice. You can paint, draw, sew, crochet, knit, sculpt, engrave, make furniture, make jewelry, or you can even create your own new art form!

 

Gardening – You can plant flowers, vegetables or herbs and maintain your garden by watering it, pulling the weeds and feeding it with fertilizer.

 

Exercise and play a sport – To stay fit and healthy, you can do exercise alone, such as swimming or working out at a gym, or you can play a team sport, such as football or basketball.

 

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Source: Woodward English

English for Accounting

Accounting is called the language of business which communicates the financial condition and performance of a business to interested users. Also it is defined as a set of concepts and techniques that are used to measure and report financial information about an economic entity.

Learn English definitions, concepts, and vocabulary related to Accounting. To aid in your understanding, a video and exercises with solutions are available below.

 

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Vocabulary and Concepts:

 

Basic Accounting Concepts… Click here

 

A great resource for self-study accountants who wish to improve their English. Activities include: reading, listening comprehension, writing, and speaking exercises… Click here

 

 

 

Continue with Accounting Principles:

 

Principles of Accounting… Go there

 

In this article, you will learn and familiarize yourself with the accounting principles and accounting concepts relevant in performing the accounting procedures… Go there

 

A number of basic accounting principles have been developed through common usage. They form the basis upon which modern accounting is based. The best-known of these principles are as follows: …Click here

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Exersices:

Fill in the Blanks

Multiple Choice

Goals Achievement

VOCABULARY TRAINING: In this section you’ll find exercises on banking, accounting, and other financial topics… Go there

 

Find also in the SALC: 

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La negación en Alemán

En Alemán se construye la negación con las partículas “nein” (no) al comienzo de la frase, y “nicht” (no) que se sitúa normalmente detrás del verbo:

 

Wohnst du in Madrid? Nein, Ich wohne nicht in Madrid
¿Vives tú en Madrid? No, yo no vivo en Madrid
 
Kommst du mit uns? Nein, Ich komme nicht mit euch
¿Vienes con nosotros? No, yo no voy con vosotros
 
Arbeitet er hier? Nein, er arbeitet nicht hier
¿Trabaja él aquí? No, él no trabaja aquí

 

Si el verbo es compuesto, la partícula “nicht” se sitúa detrás del auxiliar:

 

Hast du in Paris gearbeitet? Nein, Ich habe nicht in Paris gearbeitet
¿Has trabajado tú en París? No, yo no he trabajado en París
 
Bist du ins Kino gegangen? Nein, Ich bin nicht ins Kino gegangen
¿Has ido tú al cine? No, yo no he ido al cine
 

 

Si la negación no se refiere a un verbo ni a toda la frase sino al sustantivo se construye la negación con el adjetivo indefinido “kein, keine, kein” (ninguno) delante del complemento:

 

Kaufst du einen Wagen? Nein, ich kaufe keinen Wagon
¿ Compras tú un coche? Yo no compro ningún coche
 
Haben sie Brüder? Nicht, sie haben keine Brüder
¿ Tienen ellos hermanos? No, ellos no tienen hermanos
 
Isst du Fisch? Nein, ich esse keinen Fisch
¿Tu comes pescado? No, no como pescado

 

El adjetivo “kein(e)” se declina como cualquier adjetivo.

 

Übungen:

https://deutsch.lingolia.com/es/gramatica/estructura-de-la-oracion/negacion/ejercicios

http://aleman.org/ejercicios/oraciones/negacion/

http://www.aulafacil.com/alemanejercicios/Lecciones/Lecc-41.htm