SALC

Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

SALC - Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

There is / There are

We use there is and there are to say that something exists.

 

Positive Sentences

We use there is for singular and there are for plural.

  • There is one table in the classroom.
  • There are three chairs in the classroom.
  • There is a spider in the bath.
  • There are many people at the bus stop.

We also use There is with uncountable nouns:

  • There is milk in the fridge.
  • There is some sugar on the table.
  • There is ice cream on your shirt.

 

seretr

Contractions

The contraction of there is is there’s.

  • There’s a good song on the radio.
  • There’s only one chocolate left in the box.

You cannot contract there are.

  • There are nine cats on the roof.
  • There are only five weeks until my birthday.

 

Negative Form

The negative is formed by putting not after is or are:

  • There is not a horse in the field.
  • There are not eight children in the school.
  • There is not a tree in the garden.
  • There are not two elephants in the zoo.

We almost always use contractions when speaking.

The Negative contractions are:

  • There’s not = There isn’t
  • There are not = There aren’t

 

There aren’t with ANY

When we want to indicate that a zero quantity of something exists we use there aren’t any.

  • There aren’t any people at the party.
  • There aren’t any trees in my street.

We also use this structure with uncountable nouns:

  • There isn’t any water in the swimming pool.
  • There isn’t any sugar in my coffee.

 

Questions

To form a question we place is / are in front of there.

Again we use any with plural questions or those which use uncountable nouns.

We also use there is / are in short answers.

  • Is there a dog in the supermarket? – No, there isn’t.
  • Are there any dogs in the park? – Yes, there are.
  • Is there a security guard in the shop? – Yes, there is.
  • Are there any polar bears in Antarctica? – No, there aren’t.
  • Is there any ice-cream in the freezer? – Yes, there is.

 

Source: grammar.cl

 

Some exercises to practice:

http://www.agendaweb.org/grammar/there-is-there-are/index.html

http://www.agendaweb.org/exercises/grammar/there-is-there-are.htm

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/various/there_is_there_are.htm

http://www.carmenlu.com/first/grammar/thereis1_2.htm

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/various/there_is_there_are5.htm

 

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