SALC

Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

SALC - Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

COMPARATIVES and SUPERLATIVES

COMPARATIVES

Comparatives are used to compare two things.

For one-syllable adjectives: adjective –er + than

He is taller than his cousin.

For two or more syllable adjectives: more + adjective + than (to show the opposite use less instead of more before the adjective).

This ring is more expensive than that one.

For adjectives ending in ‘y’: drop the ‘y’ and adjective –ier + than

She is funnier than him.

There are exceptions – good (better), bad (worse), far(further/farther), etc.

If the second person or thing being compared isn’t mentioned in the sentence, we drop than.

Which is more important, money or power? I think money is more important.

We can also use comparatives to compare one person or thing with all the rest of the people or things in their group.

John is more diligent than all of his classmates.

 

SUPERLATIVES

Superlatives are used to compare a person or thing with every other person or thing in the same group.

For 1 syllable adjectives: the + adjective –est

He is the tallest member of his family.

For 2 or more syllable adjectives: the + most + adjective (to show the opposite use least instead of most before the adjective)

This ring is the most expensive ring in the store.

For adjectives ending in y: drop the y and use the + adjective –iest

She is the funniest person here.

There are exceptions – good (best)bad (worst)far (furthest/farthest), etc.

 

Practice 1

Practice 2

1.5 What’s your full name? (Greetings exercises)

Good-byes/Farewells (despedidas)

Good-bye./Bye. – Adiós.  

Good night. – Buenas noches.**/ See you later. – Hasta luego./Nos vemos. (o I’ll see you later., etc.)

See you tomorrow. – Hasta mañana./ See you soon. – Hasta pronto./ See you then. – Hasta entonces.

Take care. – Cuídate./Cuídese./Cuidaos./Cuídense. (o más informalmente Take it easy.)

So long-     Hasta luego

Greetings (saludos)

Good morning. – Buenos días./ Good afternoon. – Buenas tardes./ Good evening. – Buenas noches.

Hello. (más formal), Hi. (menos formal), Hey. (muy informal) – Hola./ Hey! – ¡Oye!/¡Oiga!/¡Oigan!/¡Oíd! (aquí no es saludo sino una forma de atraer la atención de alguien)

How’s it going? – ¿Qué tal?/¿Cómo te va? (o más informalmente What’s up?)/ How are you? – ¿Cómo estás?/¿Cómo está Ud.?/ How are you all? – ¿Cómo estás?/¿Cómo están Uds.?

Polite Words/Expressions (palabras/frases corteses)

sir – señor (sin el apellido) / ma’am* – señora/señorita (sin el apellido) a veces también madam en G.B.

yes – sí / no – no

I think so./I believe so. – Creo que sí. / I don’t think so./I don’t believe so. – Creo que no. / maybe/perhaps – tal vez/quizá(s) / Welcome (to)...! – ¡Bienvenido/Bienvenida/Bienvenidos/Bienvenidas (a)…! / Come in!/Please, come in! – ¡Pasa!/¡Pase!/¡Pasad!/¡Pasen! (para entrar en la casa)

Please, make yourself right at home! – ¡Estás en tu casa!/¡Está Ud. en su casa! / Please, make yourselves right at home! – ¡Estáis en vuestra casa!/Están Uds.en su casa!

thank you/thanks – gracias/ thank you very much/thanks a lot/thankResultado de imagen para polite you so much – muchas gracias/ thanks a million! – ¡mil gracias! / I’m very grateful. – Estoy muy agradecido(a)./ You’re welcome. – De nada.

No, thank you! – ¡No, gracias a ti!¡No, gracias a Ud.!¡Al contrario! (debes pronunciar la palabra “you” con mucho énfasis para que esta frase no sea confundida con “No, thank you” [No, gracias.])/ It was nothing./Don’t mention it. – No hay de qué.

My pleasure./The pleasure was mine. – Un placer./El gusto fue mío./ Please. – Por favor./ Gladly! – ¡Con mucho gusto!

Congratulations! – ¡Felicidades!/¡Felicitaciones!/Enhorabuena!/ Of course! – ¡Cómo no!/¡Claro!/¡Claro que sí!/¡Por supuesto!/¡Desde luego!

I’m sorry. – Lo siento./Perdón./Disculpe. (o más informalmente Sorry)/ I’m very sorry. – Lo siento mucho./ Excuse me. – Perdón./Con permiso./ It’s okay./It’s all right. – Está bien./ Everything’s okay/all right. – Todo está bien.

Responses (respuestas)

I am…/I’m… – estoy…/ you are…/you’re – estás…/Ud. está…

he is…/he’s... – él está…/ she is…/she’s – ella está/ weResultado de imagen para response are…/we’re… – estamos…/ they are…/they’re – ellos/ellas están…/ you all are… -Uds. están/ good/fine/well – bien

bad/not well – mal/ not very good/not very well – no muy bien/ terrible/really bad – terrible

very good/very well – muy bien/ pretty good/quite well – bastante bien/ okay/so-so – regular

Fine, and you?/Good, and you? – Bien, ¿y tú?/Bien, ¿y usted?/ Fine, and you all? – Bien, Bien, ¿y ustedes?

Let’s practice 1

Let’s practice 2

Let’s practice 3

1.1 What’s your name? ( Writing Email in English )

Email addresses

Every email address contains this sign: @ (at) . Here are some email addresses:

bob@yahoo.bh
jeffery.amherst@britishcouncil.org
reservations@beachhotelbern.com

As you can see, Bob uses his first name only in his email address: bob@yahoo.bh. Jeffery Amherst uses his first name and surname in his email address: jeffery.amherst@britishcouncil.org. The address reservations@beachhotelbern.com gives the name of the department (Reservations), but not the name of the person.

Domain names

Email addresses often include the name of the country that the address is from. This is the final two letters of the address. Here are some examples:

.af Afghanistan
.id Indonesia
.ma Morocco
.se Sweden
.uy Uruguay

Need captions? Click on CC.

Now let’s practice

Watch this IELTS listening practice video lesson to improve your skills when listening to email addresses. In the first part of the video I explain some useful email vocabulary. In the second part of the video you need to listen to and write 8 email addresses.

 

Spelling names and e-mail address practice

You will hear 20 names. The person says each name once and then The person spells it letter by letter. I give you the correct answer after each question.  The person is speaking at normal speed in this listening quiz, exactly like a native English speaker. This is a very useful exercise because it’s very important to be able to understand people’s names and to spell them correctly.

 Review the English alphabet. Practice Spelling Your name, last name, email address and address