Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

SALC - Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

Mixed Conditional


It is possible for the two parts of a conditional sentence to refer to different times, and the resulting sentence is a “mixed conditional” sentence. There are two types of mixed conditional sentence.



In this type of mixed conditional sentence, the tense in the ‘if’ clause is the past perfect, and the tense in the main clause is the present conditional.

If clause (condition) Main clause (result)
If + past perfect present conditional
If this thing had happened that thing would happen.

As in all conditional sentences, the order of the clauses is not fixed. You may have to rearrange the pronouns and adjust punctuation when you change the order of the clauses, but the meaning is identical.

  • If I had worked harder at school, I would have a better job now.
  • I would have a better job now if I had worked harder at school.
  • If we had looked at the map we wouldn’t be lost.
  • We wouldn’t be lost if we had looked at the map.
  • If you had caught that plane you would be dead now.
  • You would be dead now if you had caught that plane.

This type of mixed conditional refers to an unreal past condition and its probable result in the present. These sentences express a situation which is contrary to reality both in the past and in the present. In these mixed conditional sentences, the time is the past in the “if” clause and in the presentin the main clause.

  • If I had studied I would have my driving license. (but I didn’t study and now I don’t have my license)
  • I would be a millionaire now if I had taken that job. (but I didn’t take the job and I’m not a millionaire)
  • If you had spent all your money, you wouldn’t buy this jacket. (but you didn’t spend all your money and now you can buy this jacket)

In these mixed conditional sentences, you can also use modals in the main clause instead of would to express the degree of certainty, permission, or a recommendation about the outcome.

  • If you had crashed the car, you might be in trouble.
  • I could be a millionaire now if I had invested in ABC Plumbing.
  • If I had learned to ski, I might be on the slopes right now.



In this second type of mixed conditional sentence, the tense in the ‘if’ clause is the simple past, and the tense in the main clause is the perfect conditional.

If clause (condition) Main clause (result)
If + simple past perfect conditional
If this thing happened that thing would have happened.

As in all conditional sentences, the order of the clauses is not fixed. You may have to rearrange the pronouns and adjust punctuation when you change the order of the clauses, but the meaning is identical.

  • If I wasn’t afraid of spiders, I would have picked it up.
  • I would have picked it up if I wasn’t afraid of spiders.
  • If we didn’t trust him we would have sacked him months ago.
  • We would have sacked him months ago if we didn’t trust him.
  • If I wasn’t in the middle of another meeting, I would have been happy to help you.
  • I would have been happy to help you if I wasn’t in the middle of another meeting.

These mixed conditional sentences refer to an unreal present situation and its probable (but unreal) past result. In these mixed conditional sentences, the time in the if clause is now or always and the time in the main clause is before now. For example, “If I wasn’t afraid of spiders” is contrary to present reality. I am afraid of spiders. “I would have picked it up” is contrary to past reality. I didn’t pick it up.

  • If she wasn’t afraid of flying she wouldn’t have travelled by boat.
  • I’d have been able to translate the letter if my Italian was better.
  • If I was a good cook, I’d have invited them to lunch.
  • If the elephant wasn’t in love with the mouse, she’d have trodden on him by now.

Now Practice

Mixed Conditionals

20 Adjectives in English

20 common adjectives in English with definition and examples!


1. Small: pequeño, pequeña, pequeños, pequeñas
sfbf-160x140I like small computers / Me gustan las computadoras pequeñas


2. Big: grande, grandes
I think your car is too big / Pienso que tu auto es demasiado grande


3. Intelligent: inteligente, inteligentes
People who study and work at the same time are quite intelligent / La gente que estudia y trabaja al mismo tiempo es bastante inteligente


4. Heavy: pesado, pesada, pesadas, pesadostoonvectors-71305-140
Please, take those heavy boxes to my office / Por favor, lleva esas cajas pesadas a mi oficina


5. Light: ligero, ligera, ligeros, ligeras
Sending light parcels is free / Enviar paquetes ligeros es gratis


6. Mean: malo, mala malos, malas
Don’t be mean to your brother / No seas malo con tu hermano


7. Lovely / Pretty: bonito, bonita, bonitos, bonitas
The pictures you took yesterday are lovely / Las fotografías que tomaste ayer son bonitas

She looks pretty / Ella luce bonita


8. Free: gratis
People love getting free stuff / A la gente le encanta obtener cosas gratis


9. Cheap: barato, barata, baratos, baratas
When I go abroad, I usually stay at cheap hotels / Cuando voy al extranjero, usualmente me hospedo en hoteles baratos


10. Expensive: caro, cara, caros, caras

The sofa she bought was expensive / El sofá que ella compró fue caro


11. Safe: seguro, segura, seguros, seguras
Our new model is fast, reliable and safe / Nuestro nuevo modelo es rápido, fiable y seguro


12. Wet: mojado, mojada, mojados, mojadas
The towel is still wet please take it outside / La toalla está aún mojada por favor llévala afuera.


13. Dry: seco, seca, secos, secas
Remember you should put all the dry dishes in the cabinet / Recuerda que debes poner todos los platos secos en el gabinete


14. Strong: fuerte, fuertes
Most of the times man are not as strong as women / La mayoría de las veces los hombres no son tan fuertes como las mujeres


15. Ugly: feo, fea, feos, feas
I don’t like where I live now because it is small and ugly / No me gusta donde vivo ahora porque es pequeño y feo


16. Sad: triste, tristes
Most people do not like sad movies but I do / A la mayoría de la gente no les gustan las películas tristes pero a mi sí



happy-faces-on-pinterest-smileys-smiley-faces-and-the-bahamas-sf0vac-clipart17. Happy: feliz, felices                                                          He is very happy with his new job / Èl esta muy feliz con su nuevo trabajo


18. Clean: limpio, limpia, limpios, limpias
The plumber checked all the pipes; they are clean. El plomero revisó todas las tuberías; están limpias


19. Dirty: sucio, sucia, sucios, sucias
Ryan, your bedroom is dirty; clean it or you won’t go to the concert / Ryan, tu dormitorio está sucio; límpialo o no irás al concierto


dhgfdg20. Lucky: afortunado, afortunada, afortunados, afortunadas
My cousin Annie won the lottery; she is so lucky / Mi prima Annie ganó la lotería; ella es muy afortunada


We use adjectives to describe nouns.

Most adjectives can be used in front of a noun…:

 – They have a beautiful house.
 – We saw a very exciting film last night.

or after a link verb like be, look or feel:

– Their house is beautiful.
– That film looks interesting.


Adjectives Quiz

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Gradable and Non-gradable Adjectives

Adjective Gradability

Adjectives describe qualities (characteristics) of nouns. Some qualities can vary in intensity or “grade”, for example:

  • rather hot, hot, very hot; hot, hotter, the hottest

The adjective hot is gradable.

Other qualities cannot vary in intensity or grade because they are:

  • extremes (for example: freezing)
  • absolutes (for example: dead)
  • classifying (for example: nuclear)

The adjectives freezing, dead and nuclear are non-gradable.




Gradable Adjectives

A gradable adjective can be used with “grading adverbs” that vary the adjective’s grade or intensity. Look at these examples:


grading adverbs
a little, dreadfully, extremely, fairly, hugely, immensely, intensely, rather, reasonably, slightly, unusually, very
+ gradable adjectives
angry, big, busy, clever, cold, deep, fast, friendly, good, happy, high, hot, important, long, popular, rich, strong, tall, warm, weak, young


A gradable adjective can also have comparative and superlative forms:

  • big, bigger, the biggest
  • hot, hotter, the hottest
  • important, more important, the most important

Look at these example sentences:

  • My teacher was very happy with my homework.
  • That website is reasonably popular. But this one is more popular.
  • He said that France was a little cold and Denmark was rather cold. But Sweden was the coldest.

Non-gradable Adjectives

A non-gradable adjective cannot be used with grading adverbs:

  • It was rather freezing outside.
  • The dog was very dead.
  • He is investing in slightly nuclear energy.

Non-gradable adjectives do not normally have comparative and superlative forms:

  • freezing, more freezing, the most freezing
  • dead, deader, the deadest
  • nuclear, more nuclear, the most nuclear


Often, non-gradable adjectives are used alone:

  • It was freezing outside.
  • The dog was dead.
  • He is investing in nuclear energy.


However, a non-gradable adjective can be used with “non-grading adverbs” (which usually just give the adjective extra impact), for example:


non-grading adverbs non-gradable adjectives  
absolutely awful extreme
utterly excellent
completely terrified
totally dead absolute
nearly impossible
virtually unique
essentially chemical classifying
mainly digital
almost domestic


Here are some example sentences containing non-grading adverbs with non-gradable adjectives:

  • Her exam results were absolutely awful. She will have to take the exam again.
  • Is there anything like it in the world? It must be virtually unique.
  • It starts an essentially chemical reaction.


Tip: Don’t try to learn lists of gradable and non-gradable adjectives! It’s better to understand what makes an adjective gradable or non-gradable. This is a matter of logic and common sense. Most native-speakers have never heard of gradable and non-gradable adjectives. They just “feel” that it doesn’t make sense to say “fairly excellent” or “very unique“. You probably have the same idea in your language.





Try these exercises:

Describing Places

tumblr_n7r58eFxKj1swm1iso1_500Whom doesn’t like knowing new places? Travel and visit new cities or countries? But what happens when people ask you: Hey, how was the place? So we need some descriptive words that help us to describe the city or the town or the country that we’ve visited, so this time we are going to show you some adjectives to describe places. Take a look:



Find more common adjectives to describe places here:

Adjectives that describe places vocabulary

Compound Adjectives


A compound adjective is an adjective that contains two or more words.

In general we put a hyphen between two or more words (before a noun) when we want them to act as a single idea (adjective) that describes something.

  • I live in an English-speaking country.


English-speaking is an adjective (used to describe the country). We use a hyphen to connect the word English withspeaking to show that it is one adjective (or one idea).

This adjective with two words joined by the hyphen is called a compound adjective.


Some more examples of compound adjectives are:

  • Our office is in a twenty-storey building.
  • I have just finished reading a 300-page book.
  • He is a well-known writer.


Compound adjectives can be formed as follows:

  • Adverb-past participle / noun + ed
    a well-known writer
    a brightly-lit room
    deeply-rooted traditions
    a well-mannered girl


  • Adjective-present participle (verb + ing)
    a good-looking boy
    a free-standing tower


  • Noun-past participle
    a tongue-tied boy
    a sun-dried fruit


  • Adjective-past participle / noun + ed
    a short-sighted man
    tumblr_static_dog1rhox7lcsk40ksk84oww8ga long-haired lady


  • Noun- adjective
    a world-famous singer


  • Adjective- noun
    a last minute solution
    deep-sea diving


  • Noun-noun
    a part-time job





Sources: /

Order Of Adjectives

In English, it is common to use more than one adjective before a noun — for example: “She’s a smart energetic woman.” When you use more than one adjective, you have to put them in the right order, according to type. blog-362


The basic types of adjectives are:

Opinion An opinion adjective explains what you think about something (other people may not agree with you).
For example: silly, beautiful, horrible, difficult
Size A size adjective, of course, tells you how big or small something is.
For example: large, tiny, enormous, little
Age An age adjective tells you how young or old something or someone is.
For example: ancient, new, young, old
Shape A shape adjective describes the shape of something.
For example: square, round, flat, rectangular
Colour A colour adjective, of course, describes the colour of something.
For example: blue, pink, reddish, grey
Origin An origin adjective describes where something comes from.
For example: French, lunar, American, eastern, Greek
Material A material adjective describes what something is made from.
For example: wooden, metal, cotton, paper
Purpose A purpose adjective describes what something is used for. These adjectives often end with “-ing”.
For example: sleeping (as in “sleeping bag”), roasting (as in “roasting tin”)


For example:
  1. I love that really big old green antique car that always parked at the end of the street.
  2. My sister adopted a beautiful big white bulldog.


When there are two or more adjectives that are from the same group, the word and is placed between the two adjectives:

  1. The house is green and red.
  2. The library has old and new books.


When there are three or more adjectives from the same adjective group, place a comma between each of the coordinate adjectives:

  1. We live in the big green, white and red house at the end of the street.
  2. My friend lost a red, black and white watch.




A comma is not placed between an adjective and the noun.




Now you are ready for practicing: