SALC

Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

SALC - Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

20 Adjectives in English

20 common adjectives in English with definition and examples!

 

1. Small: pequeño, pequeña, pequeños, pequeñas
sfbf-160x140I like small computers / Me gustan las computadoras pequeñas

 

2. Big: grande, grandes
I think your car is too big / Pienso que tu auto es demasiado grande

 

3. Intelligent: inteligente, inteligentes
People who study and work at the same time are quite intelligent / La gente que estudia y trabaja al mismo tiempo es bastante inteligente

 

4. Heavy: pesado, pesada, pesadas, pesadostoonvectors-71305-140
Please, take those heavy boxes to my office / Por favor, lleva esas cajas pesadas a mi oficina

 

5. Light: ligero, ligera, ligeros, ligeras
Sending light parcels is free / Enviar paquetes ligeros es gratis

 

6. Mean: malo, mala malos, malas
Don’t be mean to your brother / No seas malo con tu hermano

 

7. Lovely / Pretty: bonito, bonita, bonitos, bonitas
The pictures you took yesterday are lovely / Las fotografías que tomaste ayer son bonitas

She looks pretty / Ella luce bonita

 

8. Free: gratis
People love getting free stuff / A la gente le encanta obtener cosas gratis

 

9. Cheap: barato, barata, baratos, baratas
When I go abroad, I usually stay at cheap hotels / Cuando voy al extranjero, usualmente me hospedo en hoteles baratos

price-tag-clip-art-at-clker-com-vector-clip-art-online-royalty-free-ccn8ti-clipart


10. Expensive: caro, cara, caros, caras

The sofa she bought was expensive / El sofá que ella compró fue caro

 

11. Safe: seguro, segura, seguros, seguras
Our new model is fast, reliable and safe / Nuestro nuevo modelo es rápido, fiable y seguro

 

12. Wet: mojado, mojada, mojados, mojadas
The towel is still wet please take it outside / La toalla está aún mojada por favor llévala afuera.

 

13. Dry: seco, seca, secos, secas
Remember you should put all the dry dishes in the cabinet / Recuerda que debes poner todos los platos secos en el gabinete

 

14. Strong: fuerte, fuertes
Most of the times man are not as strong as women / La mayoría de las veces los hombres no son tan fuertes como las mujeres

 

15. Ugly: feo, fea, feos, feas
I don’t like where I live now because it is small and ugly / No me gusta donde vivo ahora porque es pequeño y feo

 

16. Sad: triste, tristes
Most people do not like sad movies but I do / A la mayoría de la gente no les gustan las películas tristes pero a mi sí

 

 

happy-faces-on-pinterest-smileys-smiley-faces-and-the-bahamas-sf0vac-clipart17. Happy: feliz, felices                                                          He is very happy with his new job / Èl esta muy feliz con su nuevo trabajo

 

18. Clean: limpio, limpia, limpios, limpias
The plumber checked all the pipes; they are clean. El plomero revisó todas las tuberías; están limpias

 

19. Dirty: sucio, sucia, sucios, sucias
Ryan, your bedroom is dirty; clean it or you won’t go to the concert / Ryan, tu dormitorio está sucio; límpialo o no irás al concierto

 

dhgfdg20. Lucky: afortunado, afortunada, afortunados, afortunadas
My cousin Annie won the lottery; she is so lucky / Mi prima Annie ganó la lotería; ella es muy afortunada

Adjectives

We use adjectives to describe nouns.

Most adjectives can be used in front of a noun…:

 – They have a beautiful house.
 – We saw a very exciting film last night.

or after a link verb like be, look or feel:

– Their house is beautiful.
– That film looks interesting.

 

Adjectives Quiz

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Source:.britishcouncil.org

Gradable and Non-gradable Adjectives

Adjective Gradability

Adjectives describe qualities (characteristics) of nouns. Some qualities can vary in intensity or “grade”, for example:

  • rather hot, hot, very hot; hot, hotter, the hottest

The adjective hot is gradable.

Other qualities cannot vary in intensity or grade because they are:

  • extremes (for example: freezing)
  • absolutes (for example: dead)
  • classifying (for example: nuclear)

The adjectives freezing, dead and nuclear are non-gradable.

 

non-gradable-adjectives

 

Gradable Adjectives

A gradable adjective can be used with “grading adverbs” that vary the adjective’s grade or intensity. Look at these examples:

 

grading adverbs
a little, dreadfully, extremely, fairly, hugely, immensely, intensely, rather, reasonably, slightly, unusually, very
+ gradable adjectives
angry, big, busy, clever, cold, deep, fast, friendly, good, happy, high, hot, important, long, popular, rich, strong, tall, warm, weak, young

 

A gradable adjective can also have comparative and superlative forms:

  • big, bigger, the biggest
  • hot, hotter, the hottest
  • important, more important, the most important

Look at these example sentences:

  • My teacher was very happy with my homework.
  • That website is reasonably popular. But this one is more popular.
  • He said that France was a little cold and Denmark was rather cold. But Sweden was the coldest.
 

Non-gradable Adjectives

A non-gradable adjective cannot be used with grading adverbs:

  • It was rather freezing outside.
  • The dog was very dead.
  • He is investing in slightly nuclear energy.

Non-gradable adjectives do not normally have comparative and superlative forms:

  • freezing, more freezing, the most freezing
  • dead, deader, the deadest
  • nuclear, more nuclear, the most nuclear

 

Often, non-gradable adjectives are used alone:

  • It was freezing outside.
  • The dog was dead.
  • He is investing in nuclear energy.

 

However, a non-gradable adjective can be used with “non-grading adverbs” (which usually just give the adjective extra impact), for example:

 

non-grading adverbs non-gradable adjectives  
absolutely awful extreme
utterly excellent
completely terrified
totally dead absolute
nearly impossible
virtually unique
essentially chemical classifying
mainly digital
almost domestic

 

Here are some example sentences containing non-grading adverbs with non-gradable adjectives:

  • Her exam results were absolutely awful. She will have to take the exam again.
  • Is there anything like it in the world? It must be virtually unique.
  • It starts an essentially chemical reaction.

 

Tip: Don’t try to learn lists of gradable and non-gradable adjectives! It’s better to understand what makes an adjective gradable or non-gradable. This is a matter of logic and common sense. Most native-speakers have never heard of gradable and non-gradable adjectives. They just “feel” that it doesn’t make sense to say “fairly excellent” or “very unique“. You probably have the same idea in your language.

 

Source: englishclub.com

 

 

Try these exercises:

http://www.tinyteflteacher.co.uk/learning-english/grammar/exercises/strong-weak-adjectives.html

https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/adjectives-gradability-quiz.htm

http://www.ecenglish.com/learnenglish/lessons/gradable-and-ungradable-adjectives

http://random-idea-english.blogspot.mx/2012/02/gradable-and-ungradable-adjectives.html

http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/quick-grammar/adjectives-gradable-non-gradable

Describing Places

tumblr_n7r58eFxKj1swm1iso1_500Whom doesn’t like knowing new places? Travel and visit new cities or countries? But what happens when people ask you: Hey, how was the place? So we need some descriptive words that help us to describe the city or the town or the country that we’ve visited, so this time we are going to show you some adjectives to describe places. Take a look:

 

 

Find more common adjectives to describe places here:

Adjectives that describe places vocabulary
 

Compound Adjectives

Untitled

A compound adjective is an adjective that contains two or more words.

In general we put a hyphen between two or more words (before a noun) when we want them to act as a single idea (adjective) that describes something.

  • I live in an English-speaking country.

 

English-speaking is an adjective (used to describe the country). We use a hyphen to connect the word English withspeaking to show that it is one adjective (or one idea).

This adjective with two words joined by the hyphen is called a compound adjective.

 

Some more examples of compound adjectives are:

  • Our office is in a twenty-storey building.
  • I have just finished reading a 300-page book.
  • He is a well-known writer.

 

Compound adjectives can be formed as follows:

  • Adverb-past participle / noun + ed
    a well-known writer
    a brightly-lit room
    deeply-rooted traditions
    a well-mannered girl

 

  • Adjective-present participle (verb + ing)
    a good-looking boy
    a free-standing tower

 

  • Noun-past participle
    a tongue-tied boy
    a sun-dried fruit

 

  • Adjective-past participle / noun + ed
    a short-sighted man
    tumblr_static_dog1rhox7lcsk40ksk84oww8ga long-haired lady

 

  • Noun- adjective
    a world-famous singer

 

  • Adjective- noun
    a last minute solution
    deep-sea diving

 

  • Noun-noun
    a part-time job

 

 

Exercises:

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=8591

http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/vocabulary-exercise-compound-adjectives(2).php

http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/m-cm.html

http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-76003.php

http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/vocabulary-exercise-compound-adjectives.php

 

Sources: grammar.cl / myenglishpages.com

Order Of Adjectives

In English, it is common to use more than one adjective before a noun — for example: “She’s a smart energetic woman.” When you use more than one adjective, you have to put them in the right order, according to type. blog-362

 

The basic types of adjectives are:

Opinion An opinion adjective explains what you think about something (other people may not agree with you).
For example: silly, beautiful, horrible, difficult
Size A size adjective, of course, tells you how big or small something is.
For example: large, tiny, enormous, little
Age An age adjective tells you how young or old something or someone is.
For example: ancient, new, young, old
Shape A shape adjective describes the shape of something.
For example: square, round, flat, rectangular
Colour A colour adjective, of course, describes the colour of something.
For example: blue, pink, reddish, grey
Origin An origin adjective describes where something comes from.
For example: French, lunar, American, eastern, Greek
Material A material adjective describes what something is made from.
For example: wooden, metal, cotton, paper
Purpose A purpose adjective describes what something is used for. These adjectives often end with “-ing”.
For example: sleeping (as in “sleeping bag”), roasting (as in “roasting tin”)

 

For example:
  1. I love that really big old green antique car that always parked at the end of the street.
  2. My sister adopted a beautiful big white bulldog.

 

When there are two or more adjectives that are from the same group, the word and is placed between the two adjectives:

  1. The house is green and red.
  2. The library has old and new books.

 

When there are three or more adjectives from the same adjective group, place a comma between each of the coordinate adjectives:

  1. We live in the big green, white and red house at the end of the street.
  2. My friend lost a red, black and white watch.

 

take-a-look

 

A comma is not placed between an adjective and the noun.

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Now you are ready for practicing:

http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/adjord1.htm

http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/adjord2.htm

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=6877

http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/esl_adjectiveorder4.html