SALC

Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

SALC - Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

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Reported Speech

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If we report what another person has said, we usually do not use the speaker’s exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. The structure is a little different depending on whether you want to transform a statement, question or request.

When we are reporting things in the present, future or present perfect we don’t change the tense.

When we tell people what someone has said in the past, we generally make the tense ‘more in the past’.

  • You look very nice. = I told him he looked very nice.
  • He’s working in Siberia now. = She told me he was working in Siberia now.
  • Polly has bought a new car. = She said Polly had bought a new car.
  • Jo can’t come for the weekend. = She said Jo couldn’t come for the weekend.
  • Paul called and left a message. = He told me Paul had called and had left me a message.
  • I’ll give you a hand. = He said he would give me a hand.

However, when we are reporting something that was said in the past but is still true, it is not obligatory to make the tense ‘more in the past’. The choice is up to the speaker. For example:

“The train doesn’t stop here.”

  • He said the train doesn’t stop here.
  • He said the train didn’t stop here.

“I like Sarah.”

  • She said she likes Sarah.
  • She said she liked Sarah.

When we are reporting what was said, we sometimes have to change other words in the sentence.

We have to change the pronoun if we are reporting what someone else said. Compare these two sentences. In each case the person actually said “I don’t want to go.”

  • I said I didn’t want to go.
  • Bill said he didn’t want to go.

We have to change words referring to ‘here and now’ if we are reporting what was said in a different place or time.
Compare these two sentences. In each case the person actually said “I’ll be there at ten tomorrow.”

  • (If it is later the same day) He said he would be there at ten tomorrow.
  • (If it is the next day) He said he would be there at ten today.

Now compare these two sentences.

  • (If we are in a different place) He said he would be there tomorrow at ten.
  • (If we are in the place he is coming to) He said he would be here at ten tomorrow.

REPORTED-SPEECH-CLIP-ART

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Reported Speech exercise

Put sentences in order

Match Questions and answers: Reported Speech

Match Questions and answers: Reported Speech 2

Complete sentences with Reported Speech

Listening to reported speech

Hope it was helpful for you! Remember to leave a comment about what do you think about the sources we provide or even to provide feedback, we are really interested to know what you think!

GREETINGS

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Present perfect Vs. Simple past

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ONLINE PRACTICE

 

LISTENING

    • Listen to a podcast with explanations on how to use these tenses, from the BBC (Challenging). It includes two quizzes and a “use the grammar” section with examples from other students and feedback about their mistakes.
      http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice

 

GRAMMAR

  • Oxford Practice Grammar – Basic (i-G-Lb-02.44) Unit 16  p. 34-35
  • Grammar Express – Intermediate (i-G-Lb-02.32) Unit 14 p. 58-61
  • Focus on Grammar 3 – Workbook (i-G-Lb-02.41) Unit 19  p. 89-93
  • Test it, Fix it. – Verbs & Tenses – Pre-intermediate (i-G-Lb-02.37) Pages 18-21

 

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Visual dictionary!

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Are you working on a project for your English class? Maybe an Essay, a document or just want to know about different options for you to find words, Here is a Visual Dictionary online, which help you understand and verify different words, How can you use it? Once you get in the webpage (clicking in the picture below) you will see it has several categories such as

You will be able to check each category of your interest and as well to help you in the future ☺ Let us know what do you think about this link in a comment, we would love to know!

CLICK IN THE PICTURE BELOW TO CHECK THIS SITE!

English for Medicine

If you work in the health sector, check out these links:

1) Professional Podcast: a doctor’s view – http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/professionals-podcasts/english-medicine-doctors-view
2) English for Medicine – http://www.britishcouncil.org/professionals-specialisms-medicine-intro.htm
3) Medical Vocabulary Builder – http://www.learnenglish.org.uk/profsLessons/flash/vocabBuilderWrapper.htm

Recursos que tenemos en el SALC para que practiques tu inglésYou can also try these great free resources:
1) Medicine 1 – http://elt.oup.com/student/oefc/medicine1/
2) Medicine 2 – http://elt.oup.com/student/oefc/medicine2/
3) Nursing 1 (Consulta este libro en el SALC Código: i P Lb 036.5) – http://elt.oup.com/student/oefc/nursing1/
4) Nursing 2 (Consulta este libro en el SALC Código: i P Lb 036.6) – http://elt.oup.com/student/oefc/nursing2/

Links shared by Neil in Facebook (Source: Learn English : British Council)

Ma France – Interactive version

Visita la version interactiva de Mi Francia, te ayudará a mejorar rapidamente tu nivel de frances con 24 videos interactivos, que abarcan una amplia gama de temas conversacionales.

Bienvenus â la version interactive de Ma France qui vous aidera à améliorer rapidement votre niveau de francais à l’aide de 24 vidéos interactives et une grande gamme de thèmes conversationnels.