SALC

Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

SALC - Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

Mixed Conditional

MIXED CONDITIONAL

It is possible for the two parts of a conditional sentence to refer to different times, and the resulting sentence is a “mixed conditional” sentence. There are two types of mixed conditional sentence.

PRESENT RESULT OF A PAST CONDITION

FORM

In this type of mixed conditional sentence, the tense in the ‘if’ clause is the past perfect, and the tense in the main clause is the present conditional.

If clause (condition) Main clause (result)
If + past perfect present conditional
If this thing had happened that thing would happen.

As in all conditional sentences, the order of the clauses is not fixed. You may have to rearrange the pronouns and adjust punctuation when you change the order of the clauses, but the meaning is identical.

EXAMPLES
  • If I had worked harder at school, I would have a better job now.
  • I would have a better job now if I had worked harder at school.
  • If we had looked at the map we wouldn’t be lost.
  • We wouldn’t be lost if we had looked at the map.
  • If you had caught that plane you would be dead now.
  • You would be dead now if you had caught that plane.
FUNCTION

This type of mixed conditional refers to an unreal past condition and its probable result in the present. These sentences express a situation which is contrary to reality both in the past and in the present. In these mixed conditional sentences, the time is the past in the “if” clause and in the presentin the main clause.

EXAMPLES
  • If I had studied I would have my driving license. (but I didn’t study and now I don’t have my license)
  • I would be a millionaire now if I had taken that job. (but I didn’t take the job and I’m not a millionaire)
  • If you had spent all your money, you wouldn’t buy this jacket. (but you didn’t spend all your money and now you can buy this jacket)

In these mixed conditional sentences, you can also use modals in the main clause instead of would to express the degree of certainty, permission, or a recommendation about the outcome.

EXAMPLES
  • If you had crashed the car, you might be in trouble.
  • I could be a millionaire now if I had invested in ABC Plumbing.
  • If I had learned to ski, I might be on the slopes right now.

PAST RESULT OF PRESENT OR CONTINUING CONDITION

FORM

In this second type of mixed conditional sentence, the tense in the ‘if’ clause is the simple past, and the tense in the main clause is the perfect conditional.

If clause (condition) Main clause (result)
If + simple past perfect conditional
If this thing happened that thing would have happened.

As in all conditional sentences, the order of the clauses is not fixed. You may have to rearrange the pronouns and adjust punctuation when you change the order of the clauses, but the meaning is identical.

EXAMPLES
  • If I wasn’t afraid of spiders, I would have picked it up.
  • I would have picked it up if I wasn’t afraid of spiders.
  • If we didn’t trust him we would have sacked him months ago.
  • We would have sacked him months ago if we didn’t trust him.
  • If I wasn’t in the middle of another meeting, I would have been happy to help you.
  • I would have been happy to help you if I wasn’t in the middle of another meeting.
FUNCTION

These mixed conditional sentences refer to an unreal present situation and its probable (but unreal) past result. In these mixed conditional sentences, the time in the if clause is now or always and the time in the main clause is before now. For example, “If I wasn’t afraid of spiders” is contrary to present reality. I am afraid of spiders. “I would have picked it up” is contrary to past reality. I didn’t pick it up.

EXAMPLES
  • If she wasn’t afraid of flying she wouldn’t have travelled by boat.
  • I’d have been able to translate the letter if my Italian was better.
  • If I was a good cook, I’d have invited them to lunch.
  • If the elephant wasn’t in love with the mouse, she’d have trodden on him by now.

Now Practice

Mixed Conditionals

COMPARATIVES and SUPERLATIVES

COMPARATIVES

Comparatives are used to compare two things.

For one-syllable adjectives: adjective –er + than

He is taller than his cousin.

For two or more syllable adjectives: more + adjective + than (to show the opposite use less instead of more before the adjective).

This ring is more expensive than that one.

For adjectives ending in ‘y’: drop the ‘y’ and adjective –ier + than

She is funnier than him.

There are exceptions – good (better), bad (worse), far(further/farther), etc.

If the second person or thing being compared isn’t mentioned in the sentence, we drop than.

Which is more important, money or power? I think money is more important.

We can also use comparatives to compare one person or thing with all the rest of the people or things in their group.

John is more diligent than all of his classmates.

 

SUPERLATIVES

Superlatives are used to compare a person or thing with every other person or thing in the same group.

For 1 syllable adjectives: the + adjective –est

He is the tallest member of his family.

For 2 or more syllable adjectives: the + most + adjective (to show the opposite use least instead of most before the adjective)

This ring is the most expensive ring in the store.

For adjectives ending in y: drop the y and use the + adjective –iest

She is the funniest person here.

There are exceptions – good (best)bad (worst)far (furthest/farthest), etc.

 

Practice 1

Practice 2

Improve your grammar and your writing

grammar

LANGUAGE ANALYSIS : This PAGE will help you to analyze the errors in authentic pieces of writing at various levels of English language and understand common errors.

GRAMMAR LANGUAGE: what is an adjective, an adverb, an article, a clause, imperative, infinitive, subject, pronoun, etc? Find explanations and examples on THIS PAGE

GRAMMAR QUIZZES: test your knowledge on tenses, collocations, modals, spelling, etc, on THIS PAGE

Emji♫♪

Préparation…

Que pensez-vous des émissions de télé-crochet*?

Vous intéressez-vous aux artistes qui chantent dans les transports en  commun? Pourquoi (pas)?

______________________________________________________

EMJI

“Je suis fière et émune de mon chemin”

L’an passé, lajeune chanteuse remportait Nouvelle Star, une émission de télé-crochet sur le câble. En septembre, elle va interpréter Milady dans la comédie musicale LES TROIS MOUSQUETAIRES sur une grande scène parisienne. Son éducation musicale? Elle l’a peaufinée* dans le métro parisien où elle a chanté pendant trois ans. Retour sur le parcours* d’une artiste déterminée.EMJI_FOLIES-DOUCES-visuel

République, Opéra ou Bastille: trois stations du métro parisien où Emji a commencé à se produire trois fois par semaine à partir de 2013. “J’y ai fait de trés belles recontres, confie-t-elle, des fans qui restaient, debout, pendant les deux heures où je chantais. ” Emji n’a pas le choix: elle doit participer au loyer de l’ami qui l’hérberge à Paris. “Il m’a dit: tu as 15 jours, quand je reviens si tu n’es pas arrivée à t’accompagner et à sortir un répertoire, je te vire*“, se souvient – elle.

Si l’apprenti-chanteuse parvient parfois à gagner 200 euros par jour, ses recettes se situent plutôt entre 80 et 150 euros en moyenne. Et pour se produire, il faut être accrédité auprès de l’organisme qui gère les lignes et les couloirs. “Tous les six mois, on passe des castings pour avoir le droit de jouer dans le métro. C’est interdit de se produire sur les quais, tout est très réglementé”, explique-t-elle.

Longue Route

Emji a eu moins de chance lors de ses premières auditions pour participer à des émissions de télé-crochet. En 2005, après avoir fait 500 kilomètres en voiture, sa premièr candidature à Nouvelle Star est refusée. Motif: un papier officiel qui manque. “Oui, il me manquait un document parce que j’étais mineure à cette époque.”

maxresdefault (1)Si la déception es amère  pour la jeune fille, sa détermination reste intacte. Elle tente sa chance une nouvelle fois l’année suivante mais elle es recalée* en pré-casting parce que sa voix est jugée – trop juste – . Même échec à The Voice en 2014… “On peut bien louper* son bac trois fois et l’avoir! Il faut persévérer, même si je ne me suis pas acharnée* non plus”, commente-t-elle. Changement complet de décor l’année suivante . La jeune fille est repérée lors des épreuves de sélection à Nouvelle Star, au point de rapidement en devenir la favorite. Un succès qui ne se démentira* plus. Grâce à ses prestations*, le pulic vote massivement en sa faveur lors de la finale de l’émission. “Je suis une chanteuse de scène, explique Emji. J’adore être au contact du public, je rêve de bains de foule.”

 

Nouvelle Milady

Depuis sa victoire, la vie d’Emji a complèment changé. Nouvel appartement, une équipe de professionnels qui s’occupe d’elle, une tournée pour promouvoir les finalistes de l’émission. “J’ai quand même beaucoup travaillé dur et intensément. On est juste content quand ça arrive”, explique-t-elle. Pour sortir son premier album, Emji ne voulait pas se précipitier ou intepréter des chansons dans lesquelles elle ne se reconnaissait pas. Fait rare pour les artistes issus des télé-crochets, elle écrit et compose la plupart de ses chansons. “Ça s’est fait comme je le sentais, sinon on aurait été dans une mauvaise direction. J’aime bien interpréter des titres d’autres artistes, mais il faut que j’y trouve un intérêt personnel”, souligne-t-elle.maxresdefault

Aujord’hui, l’ancienne chanteuse du métro se concentre sur son prochain défi: incarner Milady, illustre personnage d’ Alexandre Dumas, sur scène. “Elle est le centre de l’intrigue*. S’il n’y a pas Milady, le spectacle n’a plus aucun sens”, s’enthousiasme-t-elle. Un succès qui ne la laisse pas indifférente.  “Je suis fière, émue et satisfaite de ce chemin”, explique-t-elle. 

GLOSSAIRE

*Le télé-crochet– un concours de chanteurs amateurs

*paufiner – raffiner

*le parcours– le chemin

*virer (fam) – se débarrasser de quelqu’un ou quelque chose

*reclamer (fam) – refusser quelqu’un à un examen

*louper (fam) – ne pas réussir

*acharné– très persévérant

*démentir – contredire

*la prestation – le fait de se produire en public pour un artiste

*l’intrigue (f) – l’histoire dans un film ou un livre.

 

EMJI

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Ca va? magazine http://classroommagazines.scholastic.com/issues/2016-01-11/book#/10

“Selfie” – Short Horror Film

 

"Selfie"

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Horror Quiz

scared

How much do you know about horror movies? Don’t be afraid and take our quiz dedicated for hardcore horror movie fans!

 

Horror Movies Quiz

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