SALC

Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

SALC - Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

Mixed Conditional

MIXED CONDITIONAL

It is possible for the two parts of a conditional sentence to refer to different times, and the resulting sentence is a “mixed conditional” sentence. There are two types of mixed conditional sentence.

PRESENT RESULT OF A PAST CONDITION

FORM

In this type of mixed conditional sentence, the tense in the ‘if’ clause is the past perfect, and the tense in the main clause is the present conditional.

If clause (condition) Main clause (result)
If + past perfect present conditional
If this thing had happened that thing would happen.

As in all conditional sentences, the order of the clauses is not fixed. You may have to rearrange the pronouns and adjust punctuation when you change the order of the clauses, but the meaning is identical.

EXAMPLES
  • If I had worked harder at school, I would have a better job now.
  • I would have a better job now if I had worked harder at school.
  • If we had looked at the map we wouldn’t be lost.
  • We wouldn’t be lost if we had looked at the map.
  • If you had caught that plane you would be dead now.
  • You would be dead now if you had caught that plane.
FUNCTION

This type of mixed conditional refers to an unreal past condition and its probable result in the present. These sentences express a situation which is contrary to reality both in the past and in the present. In these mixed conditional sentences, the time is the past in the “if” clause and in the presentin the main clause.

EXAMPLES
  • If I had studied I would have my driving license. (but I didn’t study and now I don’t have my license)
  • I would be a millionaire now if I had taken that job. (but I didn’t take the job and I’m not a millionaire)
  • If you had spent all your money, you wouldn’t buy this jacket. (but you didn’t spend all your money and now you can buy this jacket)

In these mixed conditional sentences, you can also use modals in the main clause instead of would to express the degree of certainty, permission, or a recommendation about the outcome.

EXAMPLES
  • If you had crashed the car, you might be in trouble.
  • I could be a millionaire now if I had invested in ABC Plumbing.
  • If I had learned to ski, I might be on the slopes right now.

PAST RESULT OF PRESENT OR CONTINUING CONDITION

FORM

In this second type of mixed conditional sentence, the tense in the ‘if’ clause is the simple past, and the tense in the main clause is the perfect conditional.

If clause (condition) Main clause (result)
If + simple past perfect conditional
If this thing happened that thing would have happened.

As in all conditional sentences, the order of the clauses is not fixed. You may have to rearrange the pronouns and adjust punctuation when you change the order of the clauses, but the meaning is identical.

EXAMPLES
  • If I wasn’t afraid of spiders, I would have picked it up.
  • I would have picked it up if I wasn’t afraid of spiders.
  • If we didn’t trust him we would have sacked him months ago.
  • We would have sacked him months ago if we didn’t trust him.
  • If I wasn’t in the middle of another meeting, I would have been happy to help you.
  • I would have been happy to help you if I wasn’t in the middle of another meeting.
FUNCTION

These mixed conditional sentences refer to an unreal present situation and its probable (but unreal) past result. In these mixed conditional sentences, the time in the if clause is now or always and the time in the main clause is before now. For example, “If I wasn’t afraid of spiders” is contrary to present reality. I am afraid of spiders. “I would have picked it up” is contrary to past reality. I didn’t pick it up.

EXAMPLES
  • If she wasn’t afraid of flying she wouldn’t have travelled by boat.
  • I’d have been able to translate the letter if my Italian was better.
  • If I was a good cook, I’d have invited them to lunch.
  • If the elephant wasn’t in love with the mouse, she’d have trodden on him by now.

Now Practice

Mixed Conditionals

Speak English fluently

do-you-speak-englishHow to speak English fluently – Importance and Tips
You know the language, the grammar and even the pronunciations. However, you might find it difficult to speak flawless English without hesitation for five whole minutes. That is due to lack of fluency. Your brain knows all the words, but since you have not trained it enough, it is not able to bring forth those words as quickly as needed to speak fluently.

Importance of fluency in English

conversation-1940x900_31263

Just like grammar and vocabulary, fluency in English is a mark of a learned person. Fluency helps you sell your ideas, communicate your thoughts to others, convince, reach out, and even impress with a speech that is clear, confident, to the point and crisp.

You can improve fluency of a language only by talking. You need to go about learning a new language just like you learnt your mother tongue. You listened and you repeated. You do the same with English. Most people have excellent written expression but when it comes to verbal, they are stumped.

You get enough time to repeat your thoughts in your head before writing or typing. However, while speaking, you have to be quick. The other person does not have all the time in the world to listen to you stammering and grope through words. By the time you actually finish your sentence, the listener would have forgotten what you began in the first place. Being fluent helps your thoughts to be heard clearly and correctly.

Three simple tips to improve fluency.

Listen

tumblr_mx3a7zc2wY1rx5vwso3_500

Listen to the common phrases, words and diction. Listening to news broadcasts such as BBC and CNN will be of great help. Repeat newly learnt phrases with a colleague or family member. Speak aloud. Muttering in your head will not help because your mouth is not used to moving that fast or used to certain set of words. Listen and repeat.

Read

giphy

Read good quality books by famous authors and good English newspapers. You will find many new words by reading books. This will improve your vocabulary. Understand the context in which the new words are used. Use them in sentences while speaking to colleagues and family or friend. Do not make it sound too artificial.

Talk

8c655rRdi

Communicate in English as much as possible. It is all right to be wrong. It is totally fine to make mistakes. You learn from your mistakes and move on. Your mental block could also be a hindrance for fluency. That means that the thought ‘I am poor in verbal expression’ can make you stammer. So do not just talk. Talk confidently. Talk to convince. Talk to take people by storm. That is how you improve English. Once this mental block clears, your fluency will improve on its own.

Follow these simple tips to improve fluency. Believe in yourself and never shy away from mistakes. Take them seriously and vow not to repeat the mistake ever again. In addition, do not forget to listen, read and talk your way to fluency.

Easy huh? Why don´t you try to book a conversation corner session with one of our teachers?

Let´s start from there!☺ We will be more than happy to help you.

 

source https://www.urbanpro.com/a/how-to-speak-english-fluently-importance-tips

24 heures à Bruxelles.

Préparation As- tu déjà visité la Belgique? Si oui, qu´en as tu-pensé? Si non, est-ce une destination qui t´intpire? Pourquoi (pas) ?

Bruxelles est la capitale d l´Europe et de la bande dessinée – Tintin, Lucky Luke et les Schtroumpfs* y sont tous nés. Pour en percer les secrets*, suis le guide!

•Culture•

De l´art surréaliste.bruxelles_musee_magritte_fa

Peu de tableux sont aussi ludiques* et poétiques que ceux du père des surréalistes, René Magritte: une immersion au cœur de son univers, dans le musée Magritte, est un passage obligé*. On y trouve ses plus grands chefs-d´œuvre*. Le musée comprend en effet 200 œuvres d l´artiste et est situé en centre-ville. S´ill fait beau, vous pouvez lui préférer une balade en plein air: 40 peintures murales inspirées des bandes dessinées les plus populaires.

•Gastronomie•

Une gastronomie réputée.

061875-bruxelles-brussel-moules-marinieres-et-fritesComment résister au plat national belge, les moules marinières  servies avec des frites ? Si vous êtes d´humeur aventureuse, vous pourrez en goûter au
curry ou à la sauce piquante*. En dessert, optez pour une gaufre au chocolat ou à la crème fraîche. Un délice!

•Marchés•

Des objets fabuleux.

Les amateurs de marchés trouveront leur bonheur à Bruxelles. Marchés de pt114038fleurs, d´antiquités, d´art, alimentaires, biologiques ou généralistes… On y
 trouve de tout! Si vous cherchez la perle rare – une satuette de chien, des lunettes de soleil des années 1970 ou des vinyles – vous la trouverez sans doute au marché BVM, entièrement dédié* aux produits vintage.

•Musique•

Une scène musicale éclectique.
deluxe_packshot_smallMails in n´y a pas que des antiquités à Bruxelles: la scène musicale de la ville est très dynamique. Le groupe électro-pop Oscar and the Wolf en est un très bon représentant. Le chanteur, max Colombie, s´est récemment installé à Bruxelles. Il dit : J´y trouve l´inspiration. À bruxelles, il y a tous les jours quelque chose qui m´étonne, qui me trouble.*

Untitled

EXTRACT Ça Va ? magazine

Compréhension

Start
Congratulations - you have completed Compréhension. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Return
Shaded items are complete.
12345
67End
Return