SALC

Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

SALC - Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

Mixed Conditional

MIXED CONDITIONAL

It is possible for the two parts of a conditional sentence to refer to different times, and the resulting sentence is a “mixed conditional” sentence. There are two types of mixed conditional sentence.

PRESENT RESULT OF A PAST CONDITION

FORM

In this type of mixed conditional sentence, the tense in the ‘if’ clause is the past perfect, and the tense in the main clause is the present conditional.

If clause (condition) Main clause (result)
If + past perfect present conditional
If this thing had happened that thing would happen.

As in all conditional sentences, the order of the clauses is not fixed. You may have to rearrange the pronouns and adjust punctuation when you change the order of the clauses, but the meaning is identical.

EXAMPLES
  • If I had worked harder at school, I would have a better job now.
  • I would have a better job now if I had worked harder at school.
  • If we had looked at the map we wouldn’t be lost.
  • We wouldn’t be lost if we had looked at the map.
  • If you had caught that plane you would be dead now.
  • You would be dead now if you had caught that plane.
FUNCTION

This type of mixed conditional refers to an unreal past condition and its probable result in the present. These sentences express a situation which is contrary to reality both in the past and in the present. In these mixed conditional sentences, the time is the past in the “if” clause and in the presentin the main clause.

EXAMPLES
  • If I had studied I would have my driving license. (but I didn’t study and now I don’t have my license)
  • I would be a millionaire now if I had taken that job. (but I didn’t take the job and I’m not a millionaire)
  • If you had spent all your money, you wouldn’t buy this jacket. (but you didn’t spend all your money and now you can buy this jacket)

In these mixed conditional sentences, you can also use modals in the main clause instead of would to express the degree of certainty, permission, or a recommendation about the outcome.

EXAMPLES
  • If you had crashed the car, you might be in trouble.
  • I could be a millionaire now if I had invested in ABC Plumbing.
  • If I had learned to ski, I might be on the slopes right now.

PAST RESULT OF PRESENT OR CONTINUING CONDITION

FORM

In this second type of mixed conditional sentence, the tense in the ‘if’ clause is the simple past, and the tense in the main clause is the perfect conditional.

If clause (condition) Main clause (result)
If + simple past perfect conditional
If this thing happened that thing would have happened.

As in all conditional sentences, the order of the clauses is not fixed. You may have to rearrange the pronouns and adjust punctuation when you change the order of the clauses, but the meaning is identical.

EXAMPLES
  • If I wasn’t afraid of spiders, I would have picked it up.
  • I would have picked it up if I wasn’t afraid of spiders.
  • If we didn’t trust him we would have sacked him months ago.
  • We would have sacked him months ago if we didn’t trust him.
  • If I wasn’t in the middle of another meeting, I would have been happy to help you.
  • I would have been happy to help you if I wasn’t in the middle of another meeting.
FUNCTION

These mixed conditional sentences refer to an unreal present situation and its probable (but unreal) past result. In these mixed conditional sentences, the time in the if clause is now or always and the time in the main clause is before now. For example, “If I wasn’t afraid of spiders” is contrary to present reality. I am afraid of spiders. “I would have picked it up” is contrary to past reality. I didn’t pick it up.

EXAMPLES
  • If she wasn’t afraid of flying she wouldn’t have travelled by boat.
  • I’d have been able to translate the letter if my Italian was better.
  • If I was a good cook, I’d have invited them to lunch.
  • If the elephant wasn’t in love with the mouse, she’d have trodden on him by now.

Now Practice

Mixed Conditionals

COMPARATIVES and SUPERLATIVES

COMPARATIVES

Comparatives are used to compare two things.

For one-syllable adjectives: adjective –er + than

He is taller than his cousin.

For two or more syllable adjectives: more + adjective + than (to show the opposite use less instead of more before the adjective).

This ring is more expensive than that one.

For adjectives ending in ‘y’: drop the ‘y’ and adjective –ier + than

She is funnier than him.

There are exceptions – good (better), bad (worse), far(further/farther), etc.

If the second person or thing being compared isn’t mentioned in the sentence, we drop than.

Which is more important, money or power? I think money is more important.

We can also use comparatives to compare one person or thing with all the rest of the people or things in their group.

John is more diligent than all of his classmates.

 

SUPERLATIVES

Superlatives are used to compare a person or thing with every other person or thing in the same group.

For 1 syllable adjectives: the + adjective –est

He is the tallest member of his family.

For 2 or more syllable adjectives: the + most + adjective (to show the opposite use least instead of most before the adjective)

This ring is the most expensive ring in the store.

For adjectives ending in y: drop the y and use the + adjective –iest

She is the funniest person here.

There are exceptions – good (best)bad (worst)far (furthest/farthest), etc.

 

Practice 1

Practice 2

Reading: “My family”

1. Vocabulary / Vocabulario

Common: común
Often: seguido
Sent: enviar

 

2. Read the text and answer some questions. / Lee el texto y contesta algunas preguntas.

 

My name is Sara. I am 11. I live in New Delhi, India with my father, mother, two brothers and three sisters. My grandparents also live with us. In India, family is very important. It is common to have grandparents, aunts, uncles and/or cousins living in the same house. My aunts, uncles and cousins also live nearby. We see each other often. My older brother is a computer programmer. Right now, he is in Australia. His company sent him there for one year. We all miss him a lot. We write him letters every week. I want him to come home soon.

 

Questions:

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Do and Does

To make a question in English we normally use Do or Does when we want to ask yes/no questions. It is normally put at the beginning of the question (before the subject).

 

nhy

 

 

We use do when the subject is I, you, we or they.

Affirmative: You speak Spanish.
Question: Do you speak Spanish?

 

bgt

 

 

We use does with third person singular pronouns when the subject is he, she or it.

Affirmative: He speaks Spanish.
Question: Does he speak Spanish?

 

The following is the word order to construct a basic question in English using Do or Does.

mju

 

cde

 

 

The negative form of do is do not. In spoken English it is common to use the contracted form of do not which is don’t.

  • I do not like sport.
    I don’t like sport.

The negative form of does is does not. Also, in spoken English we usually use the contracted form ofdoes not which is doesn’t.

  • He does not like sport.
    He does’t like sport.

 

attention-303861_640We DON’T use Do or Does in questions that have the verb To Be or Modal Verbs (can, must, might, should etc.)

 

 

 

roarhttp://www.grammar.cl/Games/Do_Does.htm

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/do_does.htm

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/do_does2.htm

http://www.adelescorner.org/grammar/present_simple/pres_sim_quests1.html

http://www.english-room.com/dodoes_5.htm

http://www.agendaweb.org/exercises/verbs/do-does-questions

http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/335.html

 

Christmas Games and more!

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Hello everyone! Christmas is coming soon, so here we have some links for you to keep practicing your English Vocabulary having some fun! And most important, Christmasy related!TropicalSanta

Remember to have an excellent day with your family, friends and more; As well I would recommend you to turn off your phone or put it away during the celebrations this will help you to enjoy this amazing and grateful moment with everyone. ☺

aa2c85bd615cb4535a1849b40d0f29b9Before you continue browsing or checking the following links we would like to know What would you like as Christmas Present? ☺ 

What do you like the most about Christmas?

If you can get three wishes, what would they be?

Are you traveling or not? Where? 

Please leave a comment, we would like to know about this!

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DancingSantaReindeer

Christmas Memory Game

Christmas decorations Memory game

Christmas Memory Game 2

Spell it

Christmas hang man

Christmas Picture test

Christmas Vocabulary quizz

Whose Present?

Spell the word with balloons

Letter to Santa

Active-Passive

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active-and-passive-voice-diagram

 

FOR EXAMPLE

 

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Verbs – active / passive voice

Passive exercises on Passive Voice

Active or Passive voice Quiz

Passive or Active voice Exercise

Active vs Passive voice, basketball game

Passive – Active voice Monkey sentences

Active/Passive voice Quiz 2

Please let us know in a comment what do you think about the sources we provide to you, What would you like to see, or topics of your interest :) We’ll be more than happy to know!

Will – be going to.

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 What’s the difference?

Will + infinitive Be going to + infinitive
A decision at the moment of speaking:

Julie: There’s no milk.
John: Really? In that case, I’ll go and get some.

A decision before the moment of speaking:

Julie: There’s no milk.
John: I know. I’m going to go and get some when this TV programme finishes.

A prediction based on opinion:

I think the Conservatives will win the next election.

A prediction based on something we can see (or hear) now:

The Conservatives are going to win the election. They already have most of the votes.

A future fact:

The sun will rise tomorrow.

 
For promises / requests / refusals / offers:

I’ll help you tomorrow, if you like.

 

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Mix and match sentences

Mix and match sentences 2

Complete sentences

Which is the most natural sentence?

Complete sentences 2

Please let us know what do you think about the blog, leave a comment! We are here to help you out!

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May , might, could, must, can’t…

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Here are some ways for you to practise the Modal verbs such as May, might, could, must and can’t :) Feeling ready?

Take the following quizz to get started!

 

Must, might, can't ☺

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Irregular Verbs

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Here is a link that will help you improve the spelling of some Irregular Past tense verbs, follow the directions, have fun while learning ☺!

Click in the picture below to start practising…

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We invite you as well to provide us  feedback about which are the things you will like to see in the blog or maybe what do you think about the sources we have available for you! How? well you can just leave a comment or even tell someone in the SALC, we are here for you!

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