Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

SALC - Here are some suggestions on how to use the SALC to practice and learn languages.

Love, Like, Dislike and Hate

These verbs are used to express preferences ; things or activities that we like to do (I like hamburgers / Me gustan las hamburguesas)  and things or activities that we do not like to do (I dislike hamburgers / No me gustan las hamburguesas).

These verbs are regularly followed by two types of words: nouns and verbs.


1. Nouns

–I love cars. (Me encantan los carros)
-She likes movies.  (A ella le gustan las películas)
-We don’t like sad music. (No nos gusta la música triste)
-We dislike sad music. (No nos gusta la música triste)
-He hates spinach. (Odia las espinacas)


2. Verbs

When these words (love, like, dislike, hate) are followed by verbs, there are two options. These two options have identical meaning, you can use one or the other without variation in the sense of the phrase.


a) Verbo + ing
–She loves listening to music. (Me encanta escuchar música)
-I like playing soccer. (Me gustan jugar fútbol)
-He doesn’t like eating vegetables. (A él no le gusta comer verduras/vegetales)
-He dislikes eating bread. (A él no le gusta comer pan)
-They hate dancing. (Odian bailar)


b) Like + infinitivo
–She loves to listen to music. (Me encanta escuchar música)
-I like to play soccer. (Me gustan jugar futbol)
-He doesn’t like to eat vegetables. (A él no le gusta comer verduras/vegetales)
-He dislikes to eat bread. (A él no le gusta comer pan)
-They hate to dance. (Odian bailar)




Exercise 1    

Exercise 2


Phrasal Verbs About Clothes

Learn the most common phrasal verbs native speakers use to talk about clothing.





Clothing Phrasal Verbs Quiz

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Verb Patterns

What are verb patterns?

In English we have many rules when it comes to using two verbs together in the same phrase. Verb patterns are the way you are going to use the second verb when it is dependent on the first verb. For example:


“I like drinking green tea after dinner or I like to drink green tea after dinner”


In this example you’ll see that in one of them I am using the “ing form” and in the other I’m using the “to infinitive.” In this example both forms are correct and both forms mean the exact same thing.


What’s so difficult about that???

Sure, it seems quite easy so far, but the verb “like” is an example of a verb that can be used with either form and the meaning doesn’t change. If we had to change the first verb from “like” and use the verb “stop,” this same rule, or pattern,  would not be the same and the meaning would change. For example:


“I stopped drinking water when exercising or I stopped to drink water when exercising”


In this example, both phrases are correct but they have different meanings. In the first, we have stopped the activity of “drinking water,” and in the second, we have stopped what we werw doing (exercising) to drink water.

So, now you can see that depending on the first verb that we use, we have to know what form we will use with the verb that follows.


Now let’s take a look at all the possibilities:

Verb Patterns Explanation

Verb Patterns List


Keep practicing:

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

Exercise 4

Exercise 5

Exercise 6



Modal Verbs


The modal verbs include can, must, may, might, will, would, should. They are used with other verbs to express ability, obligation, possibility, and so on. Below there is a list showing the most useful modals and their most common meanings:


Modal Meaning Example
can to express ability I can speak a little Russian.
can to request permission Can I open the window?
may to express possibility I may be home late.
may to request permission May I sit down, please?
must to express obligation I must go now.
must to express strong belief She must be over 90 years old.
should to give advice You should stop smoking.
would to request or offer Would you like a cup of tea?
would in if-sentences If I were you, I would say sorry.


Rules to remember:

  • Most modal verbs cannot be used in past/future tenses.
  • When used in third person present tense modals do not have ‘-s’ ending.
  • Use not to make modals negative


Visit the following pages to practice and learn more about Modal Verbs:

Modal and Modal Phrases

Modal Verb Tutorial  (It includes exercises with explanations of each Modal Verb)

Can vs. Have to

These tests will help you to learn, review, and refresh your knowledge about when to use “Can” or “Have to”.


‘Can’ is often used to ask for and give permission.

Use ‘Have to’ to express a strong obligation. When we use ‘have to’ this usually means that some external circumstance makes the obligation necessary.


Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 3